whorl


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to whorl: whirlpool, loop
click for a larger image
whorl
whorls of leaves

whorl

 (wôrl, hwôrl, wûrl, hwûrl)
n.
1. A form that coils or spirals; a curl or swirl: spread the icing in peaks and whorls.
2. Botany An arrangement of three or more leaves, petals, or other organs arising from a single node.
3. Zoology A single turn or volution of a spiral shell.
4. One of the circular ridges or convolutions of a fingerprint.
5. Architecture An ornamental device, as in stonework or weaving, consisting of stylized vine leaves and tendrils.
6.
a. A small pulley that regulates the speed of the bobbin of a spinning wheel.
b. A small flywheel that regulates the speed of a hand-operated spindle.

[Middle English whorle, alteration of whirle, whirl, from whirlen, to whirl; see whirl.]

whorl

(wɜːl)
n
1. (Botany) botany a radial arrangement of three or more petals, stamens, leaves, etc, around a stem
2. (Zoology) zoology a single turn in a spiral shell
3. (Anatomy) one of the basic patterns of the human fingerprint, formed by several complete circular ridges one inside another. Compare arch14b, loop110a
4. anything shaped like a coil
[C15: probably variant of wherville whirl, influenced by Dutch worvel]
whorled adj

whorl

(ʰwɜrl, ʰwɔrl, wɜrl, wɔrl)

n.
1. a circular arrangement of like parts, as leaves or flowers, around a point on an axis; verticil.
2. one of the turns or volutions of a spiral shell.
3. anything shaped like a coil.
4. one of the central ridges of a fingerprint that form at least one complete circle.
5. a flywheel or pulley, as for a spindle.
[1425–75; whorle, whorvil, wharwyl, Old English hwyrfel=hweorfa whorl of a spindle]

whorl

- A variant of whirl, it first meant "small flywheel."
See also related terms for whirl.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.whorl - a round shape formed by a series of concentric circles (as formed by leaves or flower petals)whorl - a round shape formed by a series of concentric circles (as formed by leaves or flower petals)
corolla - (botany) the whorl of petals of a flower that collectively form an inner floral envelope or layer of the perianth; "we cultivate the flower for its corolla"
calyx - (botany) the whorl of sepals of a flower collectively forming the outer floral envelope or layer of the perianth enclosing and supporting the developing bud; usually green
round shape - a shape that is curved and without sharp angles
verticil - a whorl of leaves growing around a stem
2.whorl - a strand or cluster of hairwhorl - a strand or cluster of hair    
hair - a covering for the body (or parts of it) consisting of a dense growth of threadlike structures (as on the human head); helps to prevent heat loss; "he combed his hair"; "each hair consists of layers of dead keratinized cells"
coif, coiffure, hair style, hairdo, hairstyle - the arrangement of the hair (especially a woman's hair)
sausage curl - a fat sausage-shaped curl
forelock - a lock of hair growing (or falling) over the forehead
crimp - a lock of hair that has been artificially waved or curled
dreadlock - one of many long thin braids of hair radiating from the scalp; popularized by Rastafarians
3.whorl - a structure consisting of something wound in a continuous series of loopswhorl - a structure consisting of something wound in a continuous series of loops; "a coil of rope"
hank - a coil of rope or wool or yarn
structure, construction - a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts; "the structure consisted of a series of arches"; "she wore her hair in an amazing construction of whirls and ribbons"

whorl

noun swirl, spiral, coil, twist, vortex, helix, corkscrew The plant has dense whorls of red-purple flowers.
Translations

whorl

[wɜːl] N [of shell] → espira f; [of fingerprint] → espiral m (Bot) → verticilo m

whorl

hwɜːrl] n (literary)volute f

whorl

nKringel m; (of shell)(Spiral)windung f; (Bot) → Quirl m, → Wirtel m; (of fingerprint)Wirbel m

whorl

[wɜːl] n (of shell) → voluta

whorl

n. espiral.
1. disposición de fibras en forma esférica, esp. las fibras cardíacas;
2. tipo de huella digital.
References in classic literature ?
The morning mist swept off in a whorl of silver, the parrots shot away to some distant river in shrieking green hosts: all the well-wheels within ear-shot went to work.
The shaft and hook of this spindle are made of steel, and the whorl is made partly of steel and also partly of other materials.
He did these pantograph enlargements on sheets of white cardboard, and made each individual line of the bewildering maze of whorls or curves or loops which consisted of the "pattern" of a "record" stand out bold and black by reinforcing it with ink.
If you will look at the balls of your fingers-- you that have very sharp eyesight--you will observe that these dainty curving lines lie close together, like those that indicate the borders of oceans in maps, and that they form various clearly defined patterns, such as arches, circles, long curves, whorls, etc.
Lord Henry elevated his eyebrows and looked at him in amazement through the thin blue wreaths of smoke that curled up in such fanciful whorls from his heavy, opium-tainted cigarette.
They have audaciously adjusted, in the name of "good taste," upon the wounds of gothic architecture, their miserable gewgaws of a day, their ribbons of marble, their pompons of metal, a veritable leprosy of egg-shaped ornaments, volutes, whorls, draperies, garlands, fringes, stone flames, bronze clouds, pudgy cupids, chubby- cheeked cherubim, which begin to devour the face of art in the oratory of Catherine de Medicis, and cause it to expire, two centuries later, tortured and grimacing, in the boudoir of the Dubarry.
From infancy to senility the fingerprints of an individual change only in size, except as injuries alter the loops and whorls.
Come, Tarzan," cried D'Arnot, "let's see what your whorls look like.
Behind her was a dim room scantly illumined by the one small candle that had guided us through the storm; but the old Waterloo stove was colouring the gloom with tremulous, rose-red whorls of light, and warm and cosy indeed seemed Peg's retreat to us snow- covered, frost-chilled, benighted wanderers.
In the vertebrata, we see a series of internal vertebrae bearing certain processes and appendages; in the articulata, we see the body divided into a series of segments, bearing external appendages; and in flowering plants, we see a series of successive spiral whorls of leaves.
There is no shortcut available, footedness and hair whorl direction notwithstanding.
Yes, this amazing Cumberland Whorl weighs 510g - a bang-on banger with an apple, cider and mustard glaze - just one of the new Tastes of the British Isles range from M&S.