Effect of timber removal from windthrow
slopes on the risk of the snow avalanches and rockfall.
Scaledependent effects of windthrow
disturbance on forest arthropod communities.
A number of challenges and problems specific to forest management planning are mentioned in a number of chapters, such as risks arising from fluctuating timber prices or hazards like windthrow
and forest pests.
Moreover, it has been demonstrated that the response of understory vegetation is more pronounced in windthrow
gaps than in gaps without soil perturbation .
Coleoptera, Scolytidae) attacks following heavy windthrow
in Denmark, analysed using GIS.
Changes in two Minnesota forests during 14 years following catastrophic windthrow
Furthermore, we predicted that the diet composition of red deer will differ between windthrow
, bark-beetle gaps and undisturbed forest due to the changes in food availability.
is an important disturbance in many forests of the world (Bergonzini and Laroussinie 2000).
In particular, operational trials are needed to assess the level of tree retention appropriate under different site conditions and to aid in the design of retention areas that are more likely to withstand windthrow
created new openings where woody regeneration established, increasing total numbers of stems as well as adding new species.
Rapid soil development after windthrow
disturbance in pristine forests.
Instead of succumbing to windthrow
, fungus or insects and then falling and rotting in the woods, our trees produce beautiful and useful wood.