without


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with·out

 (wĭth-out′, wĭth-)
adv.
1. On the outside: a sturdy structure within and without.
2. With something absent or lacking: had to do without.
prep.
1.
a. Not having; lacking: a family without a car.
b. Not accompanied by; in the absence of: volunteered without hesitation; spoke without thinking.
2. At, on, to, or toward the outside or exterior of: standing without the door.
n.
An outer position, place, or area: a threat to security that came from without.
conj. Regional
Unless: "You don't know about me without you have read a book by the name of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" (Mark Twain).

[Middle English withoute, from Old English withūtan : with, with; see with + ūtan, from without (from ūt, out; see out).]

without

(wɪˈðaʊt)
prep
1. not having: a traveller without much money.
2. not accompanied by: he came without his wife.
3. not making use of: it is not easy to undo screws without a screwdriver.
4. (foll by a verbal noun or noun phrase) not, while not, or after not: she can sing for two minutes without drawing breath.
5. archaic on the outside of
adv
formal outside; outwardly
conj
not standard unless: don't come without you have some money.

with•out

(wɪðˈaʊt, wɪθ-)

prep.
1. with the absence, omission, or avoidance of; not with; with no or none of; lacking: without help; without shoes; without you to help.
2. free from; excluding: a world without hunger.
3. not accompanied by: Don't go without me.
4. at, on, or to the outside of; outside of: both within and without the city.
5. beyond the compass, limits, range, or scope of (now used chiefly in opposition to within): either within or without the law.
adv.
6. in or into an exterior or outer place; outside.
7. outside a house, building, etc.: The carriage awaits without.
8. lacking something implied or understood: We must take this or go without.
9. as regards the outside; externally.
n.
10. the outside of a place, area, room, etc.
conj.
11. Midland and Southern U.S. unless.
[before 900; Middle English withouten, Old English withūtan (adv. and preposition) =with with + -ūtan from without; see but1]

without

If someone or something is without something, they do not have it.

I have never allowed my husband to see me without any clothes on.
...city slums without lights, roads or water.

If you do one thing without doing another thing, you do not do the second thing.

I could go out at night without disturbing anyone.
They drove into town without talking to each other.
'Goodbye, dear,' Mrs Saunders said, without looking up.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:

without

preposition lacking, wanting, needing, requiring, short of, in need of, deprived of, destitute of, w/o (S.M.S.) Many people are still without power and heating because of the floods.
Translations
بِدونبِدُونبدون أن
без
bezbeze
uden
sen
ilman
bez
nélkülanélkül
ánán òess aî
・・・なしで
...없이
sine
be
bezne-
fără
brez
utan
ปราศจาก
madanmeksizinolmadanonsuzsiz
không có

without

[wɪðˈaʊt]
When without is an element in a phrasal verb, eg do without, go without, look up the verb.
A. PREP
1.sin
without a coatsin abrigo
three days without foodtres días sin comer
without speakingsin hablar, sin decir nada
he did it without telling melo hizo sin decírmelo
without my noticing itsin verlo yo, sin que yo lo notase
not without some difficultyno sin cierta dificultad
times without numberun sinfín de veces
2. (archaic) (= outside) → fuera de
B. ADV (liter) → fuera
from withoutdesde fuera

without

[wɪˈðaʊt] prep
(= not having, not using) → sans
I don't like myself without a beard → Je ne m'aime pas sans la barbe.
Don't go out without a coat → Ne sors pas sans manteau.
city slums without light, roads or water → des zones d'habitat sans éclairage, routes ni eau courante
to go without sth → se passer de qch
to do without sth → se passer de qch
(= not feeling, not showing) → sans
"Hello, Swanson," he said without surprise → "Bonjour, Swanson" dit-il sans surprise., "Bonjour, Swanson" dit-il nullement surpris.
(= not in the company of) → sans
(= not) without doing sth → sans
without anyone knowing → à l'insu de tout le monde
He went without speaking for a whole week → Il est resté sans parler pendant une semaine entière.
it goes without saying → cela va sans dire

without

prepohne; without a tie/passportohne Krawatte/(einen) Pass; without a friend in the worldohne einen einzigen Freund; without speakingohne zu sprechen, wortlos; without my noticing itohne dass ich es bemerkte; times without numberunzählige Male pl
adv (old, liter)außen; from withoutvon draußen; (= on the outside)von außen
adj predohne; to be without somethingetw nicht haben, einer Sache (gen)entbehren (form); those who are without (= needy)die Bedürftigen pl

without

[wɪðˈaʊt] prepsenza
he did it without telling me → l'ha fatto senza dirmelo
he came without a coat/any money → è venuto senza cappotto/soldi
without a coat or hat → senza cappottocappello
the bus left without me → l'autobus è partito senza di me
he is without friends → non ha amici
to be quite without shame → non avere un minimo di pudore
without anybody knowing → senza che nessuno lo sappia
to go or do without sth → fare a meno di qc

without

(wiˈðaut) preposition
1. in the absence of; not having. They went without you; I could not live without him; We cannot survive without water.
2. not. He drove away without saying goodbye; You can't walk along this street without meeting someone you know.

without

بِدُون bez uden ohne χωρίς sin ilman sans bez senza ・・・なしで ...없이 zonder uten bez sem без utan ปราศจาก onsuz không có 没有

without

prep. sin, falto de, fuera de;
adv. fuera, afuera.
References in classic literature ?
Then was there spoken unto me without voice: "THOU KNOWEST IT, ZARATHUSTRA?
The profitable ship will carry a large load through all the hazards of the weather, and, when at rest, will stand up in dock and shift from berth to berth without ballast.
And the world is sad enough without our writing books to make it sadder.
Hence to fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy's resistance without fighting.
If the people wish me to work for them, they must hire me without solicitation.
Her days were spent in a kind of slow bustle; all was busy without getting on, always behindhand and lamenting it, without altering her ways; wishing to be an economist, without contrivance or regularity; dissatisfied with her servants, without skill to make them better, and whether helping, or reprimanding, or indulging them, without any power of engaging their respect.
But though this complacence to one whom the captain thoroughly despised, was not so uneasy to him as it would have been had any hopes of preferment made it necessary to show the same submission to a Hoadley, or to some other of great reputation in the science, yet even this cost him too much to be endured without some motive.
This was placing her in a very uncomfortable situation, and she felt great compassion for Captain Tilney, without being able to hope for his goodwill.
If we assume as the historians do that great men lead humanity to the attainment of certain ends- the greatness of Russia or of France, the balance of power in Europe, the diffusion of the ideas of the Revolution general progress or anything else- then it is impossible to explain the facts of history without introducing the conceptions of chance and genius.
The night spent by Levin on the haycock did not pass without result for him.
And indeed, if the truth is to be told, what I eat in my corner without form or fuss has much more relish for me, even though it be bread and onions, than the turkeys of those other tables where I am forced to chew slowly, drink little, wipe my mouth every minute, and cannot sneeze or cough if I want or do other things that are the privileges of liberty and solitude.
Raoul perceived, from a distance, the two little turrets, the dove-cote in the elms, and the flights of pigeons, which wheeled incessantly around that brick cone, seemingly without power to quit it, like the sweet memories which hover round a spirit at peace.