witness


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wit·ness

 (wĭt′nĭs)
n.
1. One who can give a firsthand account of something seen, heard, or experienced: a witness to the accident.
2. Law
a. One who is called on to testify before a court.
b. One who is called on to be present at a transaction in order to attest to what takes place.
c. One who signs one's name to a document for the purpose of attesting to its authenticity.
3.
a. Attestation to a fact, statement, or event; testimony: She bears witness to these events in her letters.
b. Something that serves as evidence; a sign: The parody of the poem is a witness to the poem's popularity.
4.
a. One who publicly affirms religious faith.
b. Witness A member of the Jehovah's Witnesses.
v. wit·nessed, wit·ness·ing, wit·ness·es
v.tr.
1. To see or know by personal experience: witness a robbery; witness the birth of a new nation.
2.
a. To provide or serve as evidence of: The child's laughter witnessed her delight.
b. To consider as an example. Often used in the imperative: Even a widespread species can go extinct. Witness the passenger pigeon.
3. To testify to; bear witness of: The diary witnesses the difficult living conditions of the time.
4. To be the setting or site of: This old auditorium has witnessed many ceremonies.
5. To attest to the legality or authenticity of (a document) by signing one's name.
v.intr.
1. To furnish or serve as evidence: The fine buildings witness to the town's prosperity.
2. To testify to one's religious beliefs: "As they witnessed to their faith they brought others to believe" (Leon Morris).

[Middle English, from Old English, from wit, knowledge; see wit1.]

wit′ness·er n.

witness

(ˈwɪtnɪs)
n
1. a person who has seen or can give first-hand evidence of some event
2. (Law) a person or thing giving or serving as evidence
3. (Law) a person who testifies, esp in a court of law, to events or facts within his or her own knowledge
4. (Law) a person who attests to the genuineness of a document, signature, etc, by adding his or her own signature
5. (Law) bear witness
a. to give written or oral testimony
b. to be evidence or proof of. testimonial
vb
6. (tr) to see, be present at, or know at first hand
7. (Law) to give or serve as evidence (of)
8. (tr) to be the scene or setting of: this field has witnessed a battle.
9. (Law) (intr) to testify, esp in a court of law, to events within one's own knowledge
10. (Law) (tr) to attest to the genuineness of (a document, signature, etc) by adding one's own signature
[Old English witnes (meaning both testimony and witness), from witan to know, wit2 + -ness; related to Old Norse vitni]
ˈwitnessable adj
ˈwitnesser n

wit•ness

(ˈwɪt nɪs)

v.t.
1. to see, hear, or know by personal presence and perception: to witness an accident.
2. to be present at (an occurrence) as a formal witness, spectator, bystander, etc.: She witnessed our wedding.
3. to bear witness to; testify to; give or afford evidence of.
4. to attest by one's signature: He witnessed her will.
v.i.
5. to bear witness; testify; give or afford evidence.
n.
6. a person who is present at an occurrence, esp. one who is able to attest as to what took place.
7. a person who gives testimony, as in a court of law.
8. a person or thing serving as evidence.
9. a person who signs a document attesting the genuineness of its execution.
10. testimony or evidence: to bear witness to her suffering.
[before 950; Middle English, Old English witnes orig., knowledge, understanding]
wit′ness•a•ble, adj.
wit′ness•er, n.

witness


Past participle: witnessed
Gerund: witnessing

Imperative
witness
witness
Present
I witness
you witness
he/she/it witnesses
we witness
you witness
they witness
Preterite
I witnessed
you witnessed
he/she/it witnessed
we witnessed
you witnessed
they witnessed
Present Continuous
I am witnessing
you are witnessing
he/she/it is witnessing
we are witnessing
you are witnessing
they are witnessing
Present Perfect
I have witnessed
you have witnessed
he/she/it has witnessed
we have witnessed
you have witnessed
they have witnessed
Past Continuous
I was witnessing
you were witnessing
he/she/it was witnessing
we were witnessing
you were witnessing
they were witnessing
Past Perfect
I had witnessed
you had witnessed
he/she/it had witnessed
we had witnessed
you had witnessed
they had witnessed
Future
I will witness
you will witness
he/she/it will witness
we will witness
you will witness
they will witness
Future Perfect
I will have witnessed
you will have witnessed
he/she/it will have witnessed
we will have witnessed
you will have witnessed
they will have witnessed
Future Continuous
I will be witnessing
you will be witnessing
he/she/it will be witnessing
we will be witnessing
you will be witnessing
they will be witnessing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been witnessing
you have been witnessing
he/she/it has been witnessing
we have been witnessing
you have been witnessing
they have been witnessing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been witnessing
you will have been witnessing
he/she/it will have been witnessing
we will have been witnessing
you will have been witnessing
they will have been witnessing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been witnessing
you had been witnessing
he/she/it had been witnessing
we had been witnessing
you had been witnessing
they had been witnessing
Conditional
I would witness
you would witness
he/she/it would witness
we would witness
you would witness
they would witness
Past Conditional
I would have witnessed
you would have witnessed
he/she/it would have witnessed
we would have witnessed
you would have witnessed
they would have witnessed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.witness - someone who sees an event and reports what happened
beholder, observer, perceiver, percipient - a person who becomes aware (of things or events) through the senses
attester, attestant - someone who affirms or vouches for the correctness or truth or genuineness of something
speaker, talker, verbaliser, verbalizer, utterer - someone who expresses in language; someone who talks (especially someone who delivers a public speech or someone especially garrulous); "the speaker at commencement"; "an utterer of useful maxims"
deponent, deposer, testifier - a person who testifies or gives a deposition
2.witness - a close observerwitness - a close observer; someone who looks at something (such as an exhibition of some kind); "the spectators applauded the performance"; "television viewers"; "sky watchers discovered a new star"
beholder, observer, perceiver, percipient - a person who becomes aware (of things or events) through the senses
browser - a viewer who looks around casually without seeking anything in particular
bystander - a nonparticipant spectator
cheerer - a spectator who shouts encouragement
eyewitness - a spectator who can describe what happened
gawker - a spectator who stares stupidly without intelligent awareness
motion-picture fan, moviegoer - someone who goes to see movies
ogler - a viewer who gives a flirtatious or lewd look at another person
looker-on, onlooker - someone who looks on
playgoer, theatergoer, theatregoer - someone who attends the theater
rubbernecker, rubberneck - a person who stares inquisitively
spy - a secret watcher; someone who secretly watches other people; "my spies tell me that you had a good time last night"
starer - a viewer who gazes fixedly (often with hostility)
peeper, Peeping Tom, voyeur - a viewer who enjoys seeing the sex acts or sex organs of others
3.witness - testimony by word or deed to your religious faith
shahadah - the first pillar of Islam is an affirmation of faith
testimony - a solemn statement made under oath
4.witness - (law) a person who attests to the genuineness of a document or signature by adding their own signaturewitness - (law) a person who attests to the genuineness of a document or signature by adding their own signature
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
signatory, signer - someone who signs and is bound by a document
5.witness - (law) a person who testifies under oath in a court of lawwitness - (law) a person who testifies under oath in a court of law
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
adverse witness, hostile witness - a witness whose relationship to the opposing party is such that his or her testimony may be prejudiced against the opposing party; "a hostile witness can be asked leading questions and cross-examined"
character witness - a witness who testifies under oath as to the good reputation of another person in the community where that person lives
expert witness - a witness who has knowledge not normally possessed by the average person concerning the topic that he is to testify about
lay witness - any witness who does not testify as an expert witness
material witness - a witness whose testimony is both relevant to the matter at issue and required in order to resolve the matter
Verb1.witness - be a witness to; "She witnessed the accident and had to testify in court"
eyewitness - be present at an event and see it with one's own eyes
watch - look attentively; "watch a basketball game"
2.witness - perceive or be contemporaneous with; "We found Republicans winning the offices"; "You'll see a lot of cheating in this school"; "The 1960's saw the rebellion of the younger generation against established traditions"; "I want to see results"
get a line, get wind, get word, hear, learn, discover, find out, pick up, see - get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally; "I learned that she has two grown-up children"; "I see that you have been promoted"
catch - become aware of; "he caught her staring out the window"
experience, go through, see - go or live through; "We had many trials to go through"; "he saw action in Viet Nam"
find - perceive oneself to be in a certain condition or place; "I found myself in a difficult situation"; "When he woke up, he found himself in a hospital room"

witness

noun
1. observer, viewer, spectator, looker-on, watcher, onlooker, eyewitness, bystander, beholder No witnesses of the crash have come forward.
2. testifier, deponent, attestant Eleven witnesses were called to testify.
verb
1. see, mark, view, watch, note, notice, attend, observe, perceive, look on, be present at, behold (archaic or literary) Anyone who witnessed the attack is urged to contact the police.
2. countersign, sign, endorse, validate Ask a friend to witness your signature on the application.
bear witness
1. confirm, show, prove, demonstrate, bear out, testify to, be evidence of, corroborate, attest to, be proof of, vouch for, evince, betoken, be a monument to, constitute proof of Many of his poems bear witness to the years he spent in India.
2. give evidence, testify, depose, give testimony, depone His mother bore witness in court that he had been at home that night.
Related words
adjective testimonial

witness

noun
1. Someone who sees something occur:
2. Something visible or evident that gives grounds for believing in the existence or presence of something else:
3. One who testifies, especially in court:
Law: deponent.
4. A formal declaration of truth or fact given under oath:
verb
1. To give grounds for believing in the existence or presence of:
2. To confirm formally as true, accurate, or genuine:
3. To give evidence or testimony under oath:
Law: depone, depose.
Idioms: bear witness, take the stand.
Translations
شَاهِدشاهِدشاهِد على تَوقيعشاهِد في مَحْكَمَهيَشْهَد، يَرى
svědeksvědectví
vidnevitterlighedsvidnebevidne
todistaja
svjedoksvjedokinjasvjedočanstvosvjedočiti
tanútanúként aláírtanúságtanúsítfültanú
saksi
sjónarvottur, vitnivera vitni aîvitnivotta, staîfestavottur
目撃者
증인
būti liudininkuliudininkas
aculiecinieksapliecinātapstiprinātbūt lieciniekamliecinieks
byť svedkomsvedok
biti pričaočividecpriča
vittnevittnesmålbevittnavittna om
พยาน
tanıktanık/şahit olmaktanıklık yapmakşahit
nhân chứng

witness

[ˈwɪtnɪs]
A. N
1. (= person) → testigo mf
eye witnesstestigo ocular
witness for the prosecution/defencetestigo de cargo/descargo
there were no witnessesno hubo testigos
to call sb as a witnesscitar a algn como testigo
we want no witnesses to thisno queremos que nadie vea esto, no queremos que haya testigos
I was (a) witness to this eventyo presencié este suceso, yo fui testigo de este suceso
2. (= evidence) → testimonio m
to give witness for/against sbatestiguar a favor de/en contra de algn
to bear witness to sth (lit) → atestiguar algo (fig) → demostrar or probar algo
in witness ofen fe de
B. VT
1. (= be present at) → presenciar, asistir a; (= see) → ver
to witness sb doing sthver a algn hacer algo, ver cómo algn hace algo
the accident was witnessed by two peoplehay dos testigos del accidente
to witness a documentfirmar un documento como testigo
this period witnessed important changes (liter) → este periodo fue testigo de cambios importantes
2. (= attest by signature) → atestiguar la veracidad de
3. (= consider as evidence) → ver, mirar
C. VI (= testify) → dar testimonio, atestiguar
to witness to sthdar testimonio de or atestiguar algo
D. CPD witness box (Brit) witness stand (US) Ntribuna f de los testigos, estrado m

witness

[ˈwɪtnəs]
n
(= eyewitness) → témoin m
There were no witnesses → Il n'a pas eu de témoins.
in front of witnesses → devant témoins
to be witness to sth (= see) → être témoin de qch
(in court)témoin m
witness for the prosecution → témoin à charge
witness for the defence → témoin à décharge
(to signature, marriage)témoin m
(= testimony) to bear witness to sth → témoigner de qch
vt
(= see) [+ incident, attack, crime] → être témoin de
[+ signature, document] → certifier
(fig) (= see) [+ changes, events] → assister à
We are witnessing the breakdown of bureaucracy → Nous assistons à la faillite de la bureaucratie.
vi
to witness to sth → témoigner de qch
to witness to having seen sth → témoigner avoir vu qchwitness box (British) witness stand (US) nbarre f des témoinswitness statement ndéposition f de témoin

witness

n
(= person: Jur, fig) → Zeuge m, → Zeugin f; witness for the defence (Brit) or defense (US) → Zeuge m/Zeugin fder Verteidigung; witness for the prosecutionZeuge m/Zeugin fder Anklage; as God is my witnessGott sei or ist mein Zeuge; to call somebody as a witnessjdn als Zeugen/Zeugin vorladen; I was then witness to a scene …ich wurde Zeuge einer Szene
(= evidence)Zeugnis nt; in witness whereof (form)zu Urkund or zum Zeugnis dessen; to bear witness to something (lit, fig)Zeugnis über etw (acc)ablegen; (actions, events also) → von etw zeugen
vt
(= see) accidentZeuge/Zeugin sein bei or (+gen); scenes(mit)erleben, mit ansehen; changeserleben; the year 1945 witnessed great changesdas Jahr 1945 sah einen großen Wandel
(= testify)bezeugen; to call somebody to witness that …jdn zum Zeugen dafür rufen, dass …
(= consider as evidence)denken an (+acc), → zum Beispiel nehmen; witness the case of Xdenken Sie nur an den Fall X, nehmen Sie nur den Fall X zum Beispiel
(= attest by signature) signature, willbestätigen
vi (= testify)bestätigen, bezeugen; to witness to somethingetw bestätigen or bezeugen; to witness against somebodygegen jdn aussagen

witness

[ˈwɪtnɪs]
1. n
a. (person) → testimone m/f
witness for the prosecution/defence → testimone a carico/discarico
to call sb as a witness → chiamare qn a testimoniare
b. (evidence) → testimonianza
to bear witness to sth (subj, person) → testimoniare qc (thing, result) → provare qc
2. vt
a. (event, crime) → essere testimone di; (change, improvement) → constatare
b. (attest by signature, document) → autenticare
3. vi (testify) → testimoniare
to witness to sth/having seen sth → testimoniare qc/di aver visto qc

witness

(ˈwitnəs) noun
1. a person who has seen or was present at an event etc and so has direct knowledge of it. Someone must have seen the accident but the police can find no witnesses.
2. a person who gives evidence, especially in a law court.
3. a person who adds his signature to a document to show that he considers another signature on the document to be genuine. You cannot sign your will without witnesses.
verb
1. to see and be present at. This lady witnessed an accident at three o'clock this afternoon.
2. to sign one's name to show that one knows that (something) is genuine. He witnessed my signature on the new agreement.
ˈwitness-box / ˈwitness-stand noun
the stand from which a witness gives evidence in a court of law.
bear witness
to give evidence. She will bear witness to his honesty.

witness

شَاهِد svědek vidne Zeuge μάρτυρας testigo todistaja témoin svjedok testimone 目撃者 증인 getuige vitne świadek testemunha свидетель vittne พยาน tanık nhân chứng 证人
References in classic literature ?
My lords and ladies, pardon the ruse by which I have gathered you here to witness the marriage of my daughter.
With the boy as a witness, he went through a cere- mony and brought about an accident that nearly de- stroyed the companionship that was growing up between them.
I stand here a witness that this baby has come into the world sound and strong, and I intend to keep an eye on what befalls it.
Highcamp called to ask her to go with them to the Jockey Club to witness the turf event of the season.
In an instant the whole camp was in motion; the meanest soldier arousing from his lair to witness the departure of his comrades, and to share in the excitement and incidents of the hour.
And Isaacs & Sons were delighted at the great man's pleasantry, and afterward repeated it many times, calling upon each other to bear witness, and Spear felt as though some one had given him a new backbone, and Andrews, who was guiding Thorndike out of the building, was thinking to himself what a great confidence man had been lost when Thorndike became a banker.
Hepzibah, whenever she happened to witness one of these fits of miniature enthusiasm, would shake her head, with a strange mingling of the mother and sister, and of pleasure and sadness, in her aspect.
He was likewise a bitter persecutor; as witness the Quakers, who have remembered him in their histories, and relate an incident of his hard severity towards a woman of their sect, which will last longer, it is to be feared, than any record of his better deeds, although these were many.
Witness the white bear of the poles, and the white shark of the tropics; what but their smooth, flaky whiteness makes them the transcendent horrors they are?
If the wind only held, little doubt had they, that chased through these Straits of Sunda, the vast host would only deploy into the Oriental seas to witness the capture of not a few of their number.
Sawyer, that a more unmanly, brutal treatment of a little pony it was never my painful lot to witness, and by giving way to such passion you injure your own character as much, nay more, than you injure your horse; and remember, we shall all have to be judged according to our works, whether they be toward man or toward beast.
Jurgis listened while the man entered the witness chair, took the oath, and told his story.