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aux.v. Past tense of will2
1. Used to express desire or intent: She said she would meet us at the corner.
2. Used to express a wish. This sense is archaic ("I would you were so honest a man!"—William Shakespeare) except in contexts with an implicit first person singular subject and followed by a clause beginning with that: Would that it stop snowing!
3. Used after a statement of desire, request, or advice: I wish you would stay.
4. Used to make a polite request: Would you go with me?
5. Used in the main clause of a conditional statement to express a possibility or likelihood: If I had enough money, I would buy a car. We would have gone to the beach, had the weather been good. See Usage Note at if.
6. Used to express presumption or expectation: That would be Steve at the door.
7. Used to indicate uncertainty: He would seem to be getting better.
8. Used to express repeated or habitual action in the past: Every morning we would walk in the garden.
Usage Note: If the president would have informed his advisers, the scandal could have been avoided. If the economy didn't improve, the governor never would've won the election. You won't find sentences like these in well-edited prose. What you will find is: If the president had informed his advisers, the scandal could have been avoided. If the economy hadn't improved, the governor never would have won the election. Although constructions using would have instead of had or did plus an infinitive instead of had and a past participle are common in informal speech (If you would've told me you were leaving, I could've gone with you), they are generally not considered correct in formal writing. But why not? Many conditional (if...then) constructions seem bewilderingly picky about which tenses, moods, and auxiliaries may go into them, particularly those that have to do with a counterfactual or make-believe world—one that the writer thinks is likely to be false but whose implications are worth exploring. But the grammatical requirements are actually quite straightforward: 1. The if-clause must have a verb in the conditional subjunctive mood (which many linguists call by the Latin name irrealis to distinguish it from the ordinary English subjunctive). When referring to situations in the present, this mood is identical to the preterite or past-tense form (If you danced better...) except for the verb be, whose irrealis is were rather than was (If he were rich...). When a writer wants to refer to a situation that hypothetically could have occurred in the past, a more remote past form must be used—the past tense of the preterite, also known as the past perfect or the pluperfect (If you had danced better...; If he had been rich...). 2. The then-clause must contain would or a similar modal auxiliary such as could, should, or might.A large percentage of the Usage Panel disapproves of past counterfactual constructions using did rather than had: in 2011, 74 percent disliked If I didn't have my seatbelt on, I'd be dead, and 89 percent found it unacceptable to say If he didn't come to America, our team never would have won the championship. Panelists found forms using would have somewhat more acceptable: the sentence If she would have only listened to me, this would never have happened was acceptable to 46 percent of the Panel. This represents quite a change from the 1995 ballot, in which the same sentence garnered an acceptability percentage of just 14 percent.


(wʊd; unstressed wəd)
1. used as an auxiliary to form the past tense or subjunctive mood of will1
2. (with: you, he, she, it, they, or a noun as subject) used as an auxiliary to indicate willingness or desire in a polite manner: would you help me, please?.
3. used as an auxiliary to describe a past action as being accustomed or habitual: every day we would go for walks.
4. I wish: would that he were here.
Usage: See at should


(wʊd; unstressed wəd)

1. a pt. of will 1.
2. (used to express the future in past sentences): He said he would go tomorrow.
3. (used in place of will, to make a statement or form a question less direct or blunt): That would scarcely be fair. Would you be so kind?
4. (used to express repeated or habitual action in the past): We would visit Grandma every morning up at the farm.
5. (used to express an intention or inclination): Nutritionists would have us all eat whole grains.
6. (used to express a wish): Would that she were here!
7. (used to express an uncertainty): It would appear that he is guilty.
8. (used in conditional sentences to express choice or possibility): They would come if they had the fare. If the temperature were higher, the water would evaporate.
9. (used with the present perfect to express unfulfilled intention or preference): I would have saved you some but the children took it all.
would like, (used to express desire): I would like to go next year.
usage: See should.


1. form and pronunciation

Would is a modal. It is used in a number of different ways.

When would comes after a pronoun, it is not usually pronounced in full. When you write down what someone says, you usually represent 'would' as 'd and add it to the end of the pronoun. For example, instead of writing 'I would like that', you write 'I'd like that'.

Would has the negative form would not. The not is not usually pronounced in full. When you write down what someone says, you usually write wouldn't. For example, instead of writing 'He would not do that', you write 'He wouldn't do that'.

2. talking about the past

You can use would to talk about something that happened regularly in the past but no longer happens.

We would normally spend the winter in Miami.
She would often hear him singing.

Used to has a similar meaning.

She used to visit them every Sunday.
In the afternoons, I used to read.

However, used to can also be used to talk about states and situations that existed in the past but no longer exist. You cannot use 'would' like this. You can say, for example, 'She used to work there'. Don't say 'She would work there'

I used to be quite overweight.

You use would have to talk about actions and events that were possible in the past, although they did not in fact happen.

It would have been unfair if we had won.
I would have said yes, but Julia persuaded me to stay at home.

When would not is used to talk about something that happened in the past, it means that someone refused to do something.

They just would not believe what we told them.
I asked him to come with me, but he wouldn't.

Would is sometimes used in stories to talk about someone's thoughts about the future.

He thought to himself how wonderful it would taste.
Would he ever be successful?
3. used in conditional sentences

You use would in a conditional sentence when you are talking about a situation that you know does not exist. Use would in the main clause. In the conditional clause, use the past simple, the past progressive, or could.

If I had enough money, I would buy the car.
If he was coming, he would call.
I would work if I could.

Be Careful!
Don't use 'would' in the conditional clause in sentences like these. Don't say, for example, 'If I would have enough money, I would buy the car'.

When you are talking about the past, you use would have in a conditional sentence to mention an event that might have happened but did not happen. In this kind of sentence, you use the past perfect in the conditional clause and would have in the main clause.

If he had realized, he would have told someone.
If she had not been wearing her seat belt, she would have been killed.
4. used in reported clauses

Would is also used in reported clauses.

He asked if I would answer some questions.
I felt confident that everything would be all right.
5. requests, orders, and instructions

You can use would to make a request.

Would you do something for me?
Would someone carry this?

You can also use would to give an order or instruction.

Pour me a cup of coffee, would you?
Would you sit down, please?
6. offers and invitations

You can say 'Would you...?' when you are offering something to someone, or making an invitation.

Would you like a drink?
Would anyone care for some ice cream?
سَوْفَسوفَ في الزَّمَن الماضي
det ertypisk!ville
(expressing annoyance)(past tense of will)(politely expressing an opinion)(speaking of something that willhacer en condicional
gat nú skeîmundi
~할 것이다
būsimasgal malonėtumėt
đồng ý sẽ


1. (conditional tense) if you asked him he would do itsi se lo pidieras lo haría
if you had asked him he would have done itsi se lo hubieras pedido lo habría hecho
you would never know she was not a native Spanish speakernadie diría que el español no es su lengua materna
would you go there by yourself?¿irías allí sola?
I would have a word with him (if I were you)sería aconsejable discutirlo con él
I wouldn't worry too much if I were youyo en tu lugar no me preocuparía demasiado
2. (in indirect speech) I said I would do itte dije que lo haría or hacía
I thought you would want to knowpensé que querrías saber
3. (emphatic) you would be the one to forget!¡quién más si no tú se iba a olvidar!, ¡tú tenías que ser el que se olvidase!
it would be you!¡tú tenías que ser!
he would say that, wouldn't he?es lógico que dijera eso
4. (conjecture) what would this be?¿qué será esto?
it would have been about eight o'clockserían las ocho
it would seem soasí parece ser
5. (indicating willingness)
5.1. (in invitations) → querer
would you like some tea?; would you care for some tea?¿quiere tomar un té?
would you come this way?pase por favor or (esp LAm) si hace favor
5.2. (requests, wishes) would you close the door please?¿puedes cerrar la puerta, por favor?
please would you wake me up at seven o'clock?¿podría despertarme a las siete, por favor?
would you mind?si no le importa, si no tiene inconveniente
what would you have me do?¿qué quieres que haga?
5.3. (insistence) I told her not to but she would do itle dije que no, pero insistió en hacerlo
5.4. (refusal) he wouldn't do itno quería hacerlo, se negó a hacerlo
he wouldn't say if it was trueno quiso decir si era verdad
the car wouldn't startel coche se negó or negaba a arrancar, el coche no quería arrancar
6. (habit) he would paint it each yearsolía pintarlo cada año, lo pintaba cada año
7. (in set expressions)
would that it were not so! (o.f., poet) → ¡ojalá (y) no fuera así!
would to God!, would to heaven! (liter) → ¡ojalá!
try as he wouldpor mucho que se esforzara, por más que intentase


[ˈwʊd](STRONG) [wəd] modal aux vb
(conditional) I would do it if ... → Je le ferais si ...
If you asked him he would do it → Si vous le lui demandiez, il le ferait.
If you had asked him he would have done it → Si vous le lui aviez demandé, il l'aurait fait.
would that (= if only) → si seulement
Would that it were true → Si seulement c'était vrai.
(in offers, invitations, requests) would you like ... → voulez-vous ..., veux-tu ...
Would you like a biscuit? → Voulez-vous un biscuit?
Would you like to go and see a film? → Veux-tu aller voir un film?
(expressing preference, desire) I'd like ... → j'aimerais ...
I'd like to go to America → J'aimerais aller en Amérique.
Shall we go and see a film? - Yes, I'd like that → Si on allait voir un film? - Oui, j'aimerais bien.
(in indirect speech) I said I would ...
I said I would do it → J'ai dit que je le ferais.
It WOULD have to snow today! → Naturellement il neige aujourd'hui!, Il fallait qu'il neige aujourd'hui!
(= be willing) → vouloir
He wouldn't say where he got the information → Il ne voulait pas dire où il avait eu cette information.
She wouldn't do it → Elle n'a pas voulu le faire., Elle a refusé de le faire.
would you (in requests)est-ce que vous voulez bien
Would you close the door please? → Est-ce que vous voulez bien fermer la porte s'il vous plaît?
(conjecture) it would have been midnight → il devait être minuit
(past) he would go there on Mondays → il y allait le lundiwould-be [ˈwʊdbiː] adj
a would-be actor → un(e) aspirant(e) acteur/trice
a would-be writer → un aspirant écrivain
a would-be thief → un éventuel voleur


pret of will1
modal aux vb
(conditional) if you asked him he would do itwenn du ihn fragtest, würde er es tun; if you had asked him he would have done itwenn du ihn gefragt hättest, hätte er es getan; I thought you would want to knowich dachte, du wüsstest es gerne or du würdest es gerne wissen; if I were you, I wouldwenn ich du wäre, würde ich …; who would have thought it?wer hätte das gedacht?; you would think …man sollte meinen …; you would never know he was fiftydie Fünfzig sieht man ihm wirklich nicht an
(in indirect speech) she said she would comesie sagte, sie würde kommen or sie käme; I said I would, so I willich habe gesagt, ich würde es tun und ich werde es auch tun
(emph) you would be the one to get hittypisch, dass ausgerechnet du getroffen worden bist; you would be the one to forgettypisch, dass du das vergessen hast, das sieht dir ähnlich, dass du es vergessen hast; I wouldn’t knowkeine Ahnung; you would!das sieht dir ähnlich!; he would have to come right nowausgerechnet jetzt muss er kommen; you would think of that/say that, wouldn’t you!von dir kann man ja nichts anderes erwarten; it would have to raines muss auch ausgerechnet regnen!
(insistence) I warned him, but he would do itich habe ihn gewarnt, aber er musste es ja unbedingt or um jeden Preis tun; he wouldn’t listen/behaveer wollte partout nicht zuhören/sich partout nicht benehmen; he wouldn’t be tolder wollte sich (dat)einfach nichts sagen lassen
(conjecture) it would seem soes sieht wohl so aus; it would have been about 8 o’clockes war (wohl) so ungefähr 8 Uhr; what would this be?was ist das wohl?; you wouldn’t have a cigarette, would you?Sie hätten nicht zufällig eine Zigarette?
(= wish)möchten; what would you have me do?was soll ich tun?; try as he wouldsosehr er es auch versuchte; the place where I would be (old, liter)der Ort, an dem ich sein möchte; would (that) it were not so! (old, liter)wenn das doch nur nicht wahr wäre!; would to God he would comegebe Gott, dass er kommt; would to God he hadn’t comeich wünsche zu Gott, er wäre nicht gekommen
(in questions) would he come?würde er vielleicht kommen?; would he have come?wäre er gekommen?; would you mind closing the window?würden Sie bitte das Fenster schließen?; would you care for some tea?hätten Sie gerne etwas Tee?
(habit) he would paint it each yearer strich es jedes Jahr, er pflegte es jedes Jahr zu streichen (geh); 50 years ago the streets would be empty on a Sundayvor 50 Jahren waren sonntags die Straßen immer leer


(wud) short forms I'd (aid) you'd (juːd) , he'd (hiːd) , she'd (ʃiːd) , it'd (ˈitəd) , we'd (wiːd) , they'd (ðeid) : negative short form wouldn't (ˈwudnt) verb
1. past tense of will. He said he would be leaving at nine o'clock the next morning; I asked if he'd come and mend my television set; I asked him to do it, but he wouldn't; I thought you would have finished by now.
2. used in speaking of something that will, may or might happen (eg if a certain condition is met). If I asked her to the party, would she come?; I would have come to the party if you'd asked me; I'd be happy to help you.
3. used to express a preference, opinion etc politely. I would do it this way; It'd be a shame to lose the opportunity; I'd prefer to go tomorrow rather than today.
4. used, said with emphasis, to express annoyance. I've lost my car-keys – that would happen!
ˈwould-be adjective
trying, hoping, or merely pretending, to be. a would-be poet.
would you
used to introduce a polite request to someone to do something. (Please) would you close the door?


سَوْفَ bude ville würde θα hacer en condicional, verbo auxiliar de condicional -isi conditionnel željeti auxiliary verb for conditional mood ・・・するつもりだ ~할 것이다 zou(den) skal nie tłumaczy się na język polski; służy do tworzenia trybu warunkowego pretérito de will, verbo usado para exprimir possibilidade согласиться skulle อยากจะ ecek, acak đồng ý sẽ 将会做