x-ray


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Related to x-ray: Gamma rays, X-ray diffraction, Chest X-ray

x-ray

or X-ray (ĕks′rā′)
n. or x ray or X ray
1.
a. A photon of electromagnetic radiation of very short wavelength, ranging from about 10 down to 0.01 nanometers, and very high energy, ranging from about 100 up to 100,000 electron volts.
b. often x-rays or X-rays A narrow beam of such photons. X-rays are used for their penetrating power in radiography, radiology, radiotherapy, and scientific research. Also called roentgen ray.
2.
a. A photograph taken with x-rays.
b. The act or process of taking such a photograph: Did the patient move during the x-ray?
tr.v. x-rayed, x-ray·ing, x-rays or X-rayed or X-ray·ing or X-rays
1. To irradiate with x-rays.
2. To photograph with x-rays.

[From translation of obsolete German X-Strahlen, x-rays (coined by their discoverer Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen ) : x, x, unknown factor (since x-rays were a previously unknown form of radiation) + Strahlen, pl. of Strahle, ray.]

X-ray

or

x-ray

n
1. (General Physics)
a. electromagnetic radiation emitted when matter is bombarded with fast electrons. X-rays have wavelengths shorter than that of ultraviolet radiation, that is less than about 1 × 10–8 metres. They extend to indefinitely short wavelengths, but below about 1 × 10–11 metres they are often called gamma radiation
b. (as modifier): X-ray astronomy.
2. (Medicine) a picture produced by exposing photographic film to X-rays: used in medicine as a diagnostic aid as parts of the body, such as bones, absorb X-rays and so appear as opaque areas on the picture
3. (Photography) a picture produced by exposing photographic film to X-rays: used in medicine as a diagnostic aid as parts of the body, such as bones, absorb X-rays and so appear as opaque areas on the picture
4. (Telecommunications) (usually capital) communications a code word for the letter x
vb (tr)
5. (Medicine) to photograph (part of the body, etc) using X-rays
6. (Photography) to photograph (part of the body, etc) using X-rays
7. (Medicine) to treat or examine by means of X-rays
[C19: partial translation of German X-Strahlen (from Strahl ray), coined by W. K. Roentgen in 1895]

x-ray

or X-ray

(ˈɛksˌreɪ)

n., v. x-rayed or X-rayed, x-ray•ing or X-ray•ing,
1. Often, x-rays. electromagnetic radiation having wavelengths in the range of approximately 0.1–10 nm, between ultraviolet radiation and gamma rays, and capable of penetrating solids and of ionizing gases.
2. a radiograph made by x-rays.
v.t.
3. to photograph, examine, or treat with x-rays.
adj.
4. of or pertaining to x-rays.
[1895–1900; translation of German X-Strahl (1895)]

x-ray

also X-ray (ĕks′rā′)
1. A high-energy stream of electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength shorter than that of ultraviolet light but longer than that of a gamma ray. X-rays are absorbed by many forms of matter, including body tissues, and are used in medicine and industry to produce images of internal structures. See more at electromagnetic spectrum.
2. An image of an internal structure, such as a body part, taken with x-rays.

x-ray verb

X-ray


Past participle: X-rayed
Gerund: X-raying

Imperative
X-ray
X-ray
Present
I X-ray
you X-ray
he/she/it X-rays
we X-ray
you X-ray
they X-ray
Preterite
I X-rayed
you X-rayed
he/she/it X-rayed
we X-rayed
you X-rayed
they X-rayed
Present Continuous
I am X-raying
you are X-raying
he/she/it is X-raying
we are X-raying
you are X-raying
they are X-raying
Present Perfect
I have X-rayed
you have X-rayed
he/she/it has X-rayed
we have X-rayed
you have X-rayed
they have X-rayed
Past Continuous
I was X-raying
you were X-raying
he/she/it was X-raying
we were X-raying
you were X-raying
they were X-raying
Past Perfect
I had X-rayed
you had X-rayed
he/she/it had X-rayed
we had X-rayed
you had X-rayed
they had X-rayed
Future
I will X-ray
you will X-ray
he/she/it will X-ray
we will X-ray
you will X-ray
they will X-ray
Future Perfect
I will have X-rayed
you will have X-rayed
he/she/it will have X-rayed
we will have X-rayed
you will have X-rayed
they will have X-rayed
Future Continuous
I will be X-raying
you will be X-raying
he/she/it will be X-raying
we will be X-raying
you will be X-raying
they will be X-raying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been X-raying
you have been X-raying
he/she/it has been X-raying
we have been X-raying
you have been X-raying
they have been X-raying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been X-raying
you will have been X-raying
he/she/it will have been X-raying
we will have been X-raying
you will have been X-raying
they will have been X-raying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been X-raying
you had been X-raying
he/she/it had been X-raying
we had been X-raying
you had been X-raying
they had been X-raying
Conditional
I would X-ray
you would X-ray
he/she/it would X-ray
we would X-ray
you would X-ray
they would X-ray
Past Conditional
I would have X-rayed
you would have X-rayed
he/she/it would have X-rayed
we would have X-rayed
you would have X-rayed
they would have X-rayed

x-ray


Past participle: x-rayed
Gerund: x-raying

Imperative
x-ray
x-ray
Present
I x-ray
you x-ray
he/she/it x-rays
we x-ray
you x-ray
they x-ray
Preterite
I x-rayed
you x-rayed
he/she/it x-rayed
we x-rayed
you x-rayed
they x-rayed
Present Continuous
I am x-raying
you are x-raying
he/she/it is x-raying
we are x-raying
you are x-raying
they are x-raying
Present Perfect
I have x-rayed
you have x-rayed
he/she/it has x-rayed
we have x-rayed
you have x-rayed
they have x-rayed
Past Continuous
I was x-raying
you were x-raying
he/she/it was x-raying
we were x-raying
you were x-raying
they were x-raying
Past Perfect
I had x-rayed
you had x-rayed
he/she/it had x-rayed
we had x-rayed
you had x-rayed
they had x-rayed
Future
I will x-ray
you will x-ray
he/she/it will x-ray
we will x-ray
you will x-ray
they will x-ray
Future Perfect
I will have x-rayed
you will have x-rayed
he/she/it will have x-rayed
we will have x-rayed
you will have x-rayed
they will have x-rayed
Future Continuous
I will be x-raying
you will be x-raying
he/she/it will be x-raying
we will be x-raying
you will be x-raying
they will be x-raying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been x-raying
you have been x-raying
he/she/it has been x-raying
we have been x-raying
you have been x-raying
they have been x-raying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been x-raying
you will have been x-raying
he/she/it will have been x-raying
we will have been x-raying
you will have been x-raying
they will have been x-raying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been x-raying
you had been x-raying
he/she/it had been x-raying
we had been x-raying
you had been x-raying
they had been x-raying
Conditional
I would x-ray
you would x-ray
he/she/it would x-ray
we would x-ray
you would x-ray
they would x-ray
Past Conditional
I would have x-rayed
you would have x-rayed
he/she/it would have x-rayed
we would have x-rayed
you would have x-rayed
they would have x-rayed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.x-ray - electromagnetic radiation of short wavelength produced when high-speed electrons strike a solid targetX-ray - electromagnetic radiation of short wavelength produced when high-speed electrons strike a solid target
ionizing radiation - high-energy radiation capable of producing ionization in substances through which it passes
electromagnetic radiation, electromagnetic wave, nonparticulate radiation - radiation consisting of waves of energy associated with electric and magnetic fields resulting from the acceleration of an electric charge
2.x-ray - a radiogram made by exposing photographic film to X raysX-ray - a radiogram made by exposing photographic film to X rays; used in medical diagnosis
angiocardiogram - a series of X rays representing the action of the heart and its blood vessels after the injection of a radiopaque substance
angiogram - an X-ray representation of blood vessels made after the injection of a radiopaque substance; "angiograms are produced by angiography"
arteriogram - an X ray of an artery filled with a contrast medium
arthrogram - an X ray of a joint after the injection of a contrast medium
pneumoencephalogram, encephalogram - an X ray of the brain made by replacing spinal fluid with a gas (usually oxygen) to improve contrast
hysterosalpingogram - X ray of the uterus and Fallopian tubes; usually done in diagnosing infertility (to see if there any blockages)
mammogram - X-ray film of the soft tissue of the breast
myelogram - X-ray film of the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots and subarachnoid space
pyelogram - an X ray of the kidneys and ureters
radiograph, shadowgraph, skiagram, skiagraph, radiogram - a photographic image produced on a radiosensitive surface by radiation other than visible light (especially by X-rays or gamma rays)
phlebogram, venogram - an X ray of a vein injected with a radiopaque contrast medium
Verb1.x-ray - examine by taking x-raysx-ray - examine by taking x-rays    
examine, see - observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect; "The customs agent examined the baggage"; "I must see your passport before you can enter the country"
2.x-ray - take an x-ray of something or somebodyx-ray - take an x-ray of something or somebody; "The doctor x-rayed my chest"
photography, picture taking - the act of taking and printing photographs
photograph, shoot, snap - record on photographic film; "I photographed the scene of the accident"; "She snapped a picture of the President"
Translations

X-ray

[ˈeksˈreɪ]
A. N (= ray) → rayo-X m; (= photo) → radiografía f
I had an X-ray takenme hicieron una radiografía
B. VThacer una radiografía a, radiografiar
they X-rayed my armme hicieron una radiografía del brazo, me radiografiaron el brazo
C. CPD X-ray examination Nexamen m con rayos X
X-ray photograph Nradiografía f
X-ray treatment Ntratamiento m de rayos X

X-ray

nRöntgenstrahl m; (also X-ray photograph)Röntgenaufnahme for -bild nt; to take an X-ray of somethingetw röntgen, eine Röntgenaufnahme von etw machen; to have an X-raygeröntgt werden; she has gone for an X-raysie ist zum Röntgen gegangen; X-ray depictionRöntgendarstellung f; X-ray machine or hnitRöntgengerät nt
vt person, heartröntgen, durchleuchten (dated); envelope, baggagedurchleuchten

X-ray

in cpdsRöntgen-;
X-ray examination
nRöntgenuntersuchung f, → röntgenologische Untersuchung
X-ray eyes
pl (fig)Röntgenaugen pl

X-ray

[ˈɛksˌreɪ]
1. n (ray) → raggio X; (photograph) → radiografia
to have an X-ray → farsi fare una radiografia
2. vtradiografare
3. adj (examination) → radiografico/a

X-rays

(eksˈreiz) noun plural
rays which can pass through many substances impossible for light to pass through, and which produce a picture of the object through which they have passed.
ˌX-ˈray noun
(the process of taking) a photograph using X-rays. I'm going to hospital for an X-ray; We'll take an X-ray of your chest; (also adjective) an X-ray photograph.
verb
to take a photograph of using X-rays. They X-rayed my arm to see if it was broken.

x-ray

أَشِعَّةُ إِكْس, يُصَوِّرُ بِأَشِعَّةِ إِكْس rentgen, rentgenovat røntgenbillede, røntgenfotografere röntgen, Röntgenstrahl ακτίνα Χ, ακτινοσκοπώ radiografía, radiografiar, rayos X ottaa röntgenkuva, röntgenkuva radio, radiographier rendgen, snimiti rendgenom fare una radiografia, radiografia X線, X線写真を撮る X선, X선 사진을 찍다 een röntgenfoto maken, röntgenfoto røntgen, røntgenfotografere promienie Rentgena, prześwietlić radiografar, radiografia, raio X делать рентген, рентгеновские лучи röntga, röntgen ถ่ายภาพด้วยรังสีเอ็กซ์, รังสีแม่เหล็กไฟฟ้าชนิดหนึ่งผ่านสิ่งของบางประเภทได้ röntgen, röntgenini çekmek chụp X-quang, X-quang X光, X光透视

x-ray

adj de rayos X; — department unidad f de rayos equis; n rayo X; (film) radiografía, placa (fam); chest — radiografía de tórax; vt hacer una radiografía de, radiografiar (esp. Esp, form); We need to x-ray your foot.. Tenemos que hacer una radiografía de su pie (radiografiar su pie).
References in classic literature ?
The ultra-violet rays, and other high-velocity and invisible rays from the upper end of the spectrum, rip and tear through their tissues, just as the X-ray ripped and tore through the tissues of so many experimenters before they learned the danger.
The new clocking of spin comes from several hundred hours of observations from a recently launched Japanese X-ray telescope called Suzaku.
Automatic x-ray inspection automates decisions that, in the past, were made by operators, and offers repeatable, dependable analysis of tires according to specific pre-set parameters.
Fluorescence created by x-ray radiation was discovered in 1895 in Wurzburg, Germany, by physicist Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen.
Innov-X Systems manufactures a line of XRF analyzers, its flagship model being a handheld analyzer that uses an X-ray tube instead of radioactive isotopes.
Key words: absorption coefficients; accuracy; microanalysis; models; x-ray absorption; x-ray spectrometry.
Although many truckers complain that the x-ray machines, rather than speeding up commerce, mean more of their rigs are pulled over at the bridge for searches, Customs inspectors say they now have a powerful tool for their main job.
You may want to consider adding x-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis to QA/QC programs.
for X-ray, Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance, Computed
Phase-sensitive X-ray imaging can produce images that show much more detail in tissue structure, but none of the techniques could be used efficiently in a hospital-based setup with small X-ray sources," says Franz Pfeiffer of the Paul Scherrer Institute in Villigen, Switzerland.