xanthoma

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xan·tho·ma

 (zăn-thō′mə)
n. pl. xan·tho·mas or xan·tho·ma·ta (-mə-tə)
A yellowish-orange, lipid-filled nodule or papule in the skin, often on an eyelid or over a joint.

xan·thom′a·tous (-thŏm′ə-təs) adj.

xanthoma

(zænˈθəʊmə)
n
(Pathology) pathol the presence in the skin of fatty yellow or brownish plaques or nodules, esp on the eyelids, caused by a disorder of lipid metabolism

xanthoma

a skin disease characterized by the formation of yellow neoplastic growths, affecting especially the eyelids. Also called xanthelasma. — xanthomatous, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.xanthoma - a skin problem marked by the development (on the eyelids and neck and back) of irregular yellow nodules; sometimes attributable to disturbances of cholesterol metabolism
disease of the skin, skin disease, skin disorder - a disease affecting the skin
xanthelasma - xanthoma of the eyelids; occurs chiefly in the elderly
xanthoma disseminatum - rare chronic xanthoma of adults in which orange or brownish papules develop on many surfaces of the body
cholesterosis cutis, lipid granulomatosis, lipoid granulomatosis, xanthoma multiplex, xanthomatosis - widespread xanthomas (especially on elbows and knees); often associated with a disorder of lipid metabolism
Translations

xan·tho·ma

n. xantoma, formación tumoral de placas o nódulos en la piel;
diabetic ______ diabético;
disseminated ______ diseminado;
eruptive ______ eruptivo;
planar ______ plano;
___ tendinosum___ tendinoso;
___ tuberosum___ tuberoso.

xanthoma

n xantoma m
References in periodicals archive ?
TABLE Differential diagnosis for dermatomally distributed nodules (4) Neoplasms Benign Syringocystadenoma papilliferum, trichoepithelioma, cutaneous schwannoma Malignant Basal cell carcinoma, cutaneous metastases, lymphoma, plasmacytoma, squamous cell carcinoma Other mucocutaneous Granuloma annulare, neurofibromatosis type 1, conditions pseudolymphoma, rheumatoid nodules, sarcoidosis, xanthomas Adapted with permission from: Hager CM, Cohen PR, Tschen JA.
1, 2) FH can be diagnosed using clinical criteria based on the presence of personal and first-degree family members with high cholesterol levels, premature coronary heart disease (CHD), and tendon xanthomas.
Cutaneous manifestations of diabetes are classified into four categories: Skin lesions with strong-to-weak association to diabetes (necrobiosis lipoidica, diabetic dermopathy, diabetic bullae, yellow skin, eruptive xanthomas, perforating disorders, acanthosis nigricans, oral leucoplakia, lichen planus), infections (bacterial, fungal), cutaneous manifestations of diabetic complications (microangiopathy, macroangiopathy, neuropathy) and skin reactions to diabetic treatment (Sulphonylureas or insulin).
Spitz nevus, hemangioendothelioma, and other xanthomas.
Xanthomas and orange palpebral spots are examples of subcutaneous lesions also colored by carotenes.
Those patients who manifest prolong hypercholesterolemia resulting in tendon xanthomas are categorized as having definite FH (Marks et al.
The presence of tendon xanthomas (TX) is a marker of increased cardiovascular disease risk among patients with FH [3, 4].
Xanthomas and pancreatitis due to excess of lipids may be the presentation in relatively older children5.
Physical exam was remarkable for scleral icterus and mild jaundice; no xanthomas were noted.
The differential diagnosis of the disease includes milk allergy which frequently occurs with eruption, atopic dermatitis, malign diseases including leukemia of infancy and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in infancy and chronic urticaria, angioedema, toxic shock syndrome, drug-related eruptions, postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, juvenile xantogranuloma, pigmented nevus, xanthomas, insect bite and bullous impetigo in adulthood.
3-9) Clinical differential diagnosis includes the nodular variant of chromoblastomycosis, keloids, xanthomas, fibromas, Kaposi's sarcoma, neurofibromas and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans.
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) clinical characteristics include elevated LDL cholesterol levels tendon xanthomas and increased risk of premature coronary artery diseases.