(redirected from Xanthophylls)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Xanthophylls: chlorophyll b, Phycobilins


Any of several yellow carotenoid pigments, including lutein and zeaxanthin, produced by plants and green algae and visible in the leaves of deciduous trees in the autumn. Xanthophylls are also present in some animal tissues such as egg yolks.

xan′tho·phyl′lic, xan′tho·phyl′lous adj.


(ˈzænθəʊfɪl) or


(Elements & Compounds) any of a group of yellow carotenoid pigments occurring in plant and animal tissue
ˌxanthoˈphyllous adj


or xan•tho•phyl

(ˈzæn θə fɪl)

a carotenoid yellow pigment of plants, algae, and other forms, often masked by the green of chlorophyll.
[1830–40; < French xanthophylle. See xantho-, -phyll]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.xanthophyll - yellow carotenoid pigments in plants and animal fats and egg yolks
carotenoid - any of a class of highly unsaturated yellow to red pigments occurring in plants and animals
References in periodicals archive ?
2012) in guinea fowls fed processed legume seeds, and may be explained, in part, by higher lipid content in these muscles which may also contain less lipid-soluble pigments such as xanthophylls.
These xanthophylls differ in their antioxidant activity, and complement each other especially in the macula.
Macular xanthophylls and to-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in age-related macular degeneration: a randomized trial.
The durum endosperm contains about twice the concentration of xanthophylls or luteins (not carotene) pigments when compared to that of bread wheat [11, 1].
Comments: Lipout is obtained from Tisochrysis lutea, a unicellular microalgae standardized in xanthophylls and rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids.
So phytoplankton have evolved other types of special pigments, including ones called xanthophylls.
Bioaccessibility of pistachio polyphenols, xanthophylls, and tocopherols during simulated human digestion.
Lutein and zeaxanthin are compounds called xanthophylls, which are yellow pigments that occur naturally in oranges.
Xanthophylls such as lutein and zeaxanthin are naturally occurring yellow-orange oxygenated pigments of carotenoid family found in variety of plants (20).
Astaxanthin (AST), a xanthophylls carotenoid, possesses significant anticancer effects.
There are three general sources of color in whey: yellow xanthophylls, Maillard reaction products and annatto.