xenotropic


Also found in: Medical.

xenotropic

(ˌzɛnəʊˈtrɒpɪk)
adj
(Microbiology) (of a virus) able to replicate only in a different animal species from the host
References in periodicals archive ?
Xenophobic xenophobically, Xenotropic, xeric, xerographic, xerographically.
org/content/326/5952/585) a paper published in the journal Science linked the disease to a mouse retrovirus called xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus, or XMRV, after finding traces of it in 68 chronic fatigue syndrome patients out of a 101-patient sample.
The patients also were examined for xenotropic murine-leukemia virus-related virus in a previous study (14).
In addition to being an interesting story about laboratory testing, I recently read that in 2009, researchers in Nevada published data suggesting the patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) may be infected with xenotropic murine leukemia virus.
Two years ago, Vincent Lombardi at the Whittemore Peterson Institute in Reno, Nevada, thought he had found the cause of the tiredness and muscle pain of CFS after discovering a mouse virus called xenotropic murine leukaemia virus-related virus (XMRV) in blood samples of 68 of 101 people with CFS compared with just eight of 218 samples from healthy volunteers.
Neutralization of mouse xenotropic virus by lipoproteins involves binding to virons.
XMRV, short for xenotropic murine leukemia-virus-related virus, affects the immune system.
XMRV, short for xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus, also shows up in some men with prostate cancer, particularly those with aggressive malignancies, another research team reported in September in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
A study published in the October issue of the journal Science reported that many patients with chronic fatigue syndrome were infected with a recently discovered virus, the xenotropic murine leukemia virus- related virus ( XMRV) which probably descended from a group of viruses that cause cancer in mice.
They found the infection known as XMRV - xenotropic murine leukaemia virus - in just under a third of them.
Methods: Purified bovine thrombin was challenged with a high-titer clarified brain homogenate of the 263K hamster scrapie strain, a model for bovine transmissible spongiform encephalopathy agents, and 4 representative model viruses: bovine parvovirus (BPV), xenotropic mucine leukemia virus (XMuLV), pseudorabies virus (PRV), and bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV).