Echolocation calls of emballonurid bats in a xerophilous
savannah of the Colombian Caribbean
Two species, Blaps gigas and Pimelia valdani dominate tenebrionid beetles while Chrysomelidae are represented mainly by Timarcha tenebricosa and beetles by Heliotaurus caeruleus, floricultural species and Tentyria interruptus, xerophilous
species and psammophile very abundant in the steppe and desert arid and a varied regime of the same type as that of the Blaps [83,6].
More than 300 plant species of 77 families have been reported, the most abundant families being Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Poaceae, Euphorbiacea, Mimosaceae, Malvaceae and Rubiacea (Lopez and Ramirez, 2004), and xerophilous
species of the Cactaceae and Agavaceae families (Ewell et al.
These forests are considered as xerophilous
because they are covered by winter snow for at least 4-5 months and grow on moderate to highly stony soils with low edaphic development (Gavilan & al.
Moreover, sorghum can be considered as a plant with xerophilous
characteristics, low soil fertility requirements and resistant/tolerant to drought and salinity.
Restingas are Quaternary sand dune habitats characterised by sparse, mostly xerophilous
shrubby and herbaceous vegetation (Suguio and Tessler, 1984).
The main vegetation unit in the Acarau River and its tributaries is dominated by Caatinga (a seasonal, xerophilous
thorn woodland/shrubland), and the area's climate is classified as tropical hot semi-arid (Maia et al.
It inhabits the Tepalcatepec Valley characterized by xerophilous
scrubland in the Balsas River Basin in the state of Michoacan.
Arid lands, including xerophilous
scrub and grassland, represent ca.
Truxalis eximia eximia, despite its shape, is not a true graminicole, but rather a terri- graminicole, perhaps as a result of secondary re- adaptation it occurs xerophilous
or at best mesophilous habitats and spends most of its time on the earth surface rather than on the vegetation.
Terrestrial, in open vegetation including xerophilous
scrub and man-induced grasslands and forest clearings in areas dominated by seasonally dry Pinus and Pinus-Quercus forest, often with species of Agave, Juniperus, and Opuntia, among the most conspicuous elements, from 1800 to 2800 m elevation.
20) By the early 1940s, the extraction of xerophilous
plants such as the carnauba palm (wax), oiticica tree (oil), castor seed (oil), and the caroa cactus (hemp-like fiber) complemented cotton as the state's leading ex-port commodities.