For recording respiratory movements, the skin over xiphisternum
was secured with a thread and connected to a force displacement transducer.
A long midline incision was given from xiphisternum
to the pubic symphysis extending across the thoracic cage and a second Incision was given along the inguinal ligament extending from pubic symphysis to the anterior superior iliac spine.
5-cm incision 4 cm lateral to the midline in the left upper quadrant area between the xiphisternum
and the umbilicus.
The main sensor was placed in the midline just below the xiphisternum
A midline incision in the abdomen was given extending from xiphisternum
to symphysis pubis.
can extend up towards the xiphisternum
and down towards the symphysis
5 cm superior and 1 cm left lateral to the xiphisternum
Linea nigra, a hyperpigmented line extending from the pubic symphysis to umbilicus and further up to the xiphisternum
, replaces the linea alba.
Per abdominal examination showed large pelvic-abdominal mass from pelvis to xiphisternum
Abdominal examination revealed a hard mass extending from pelvis up to xiphisternum
and laterally extending into the flanks, shifting dullness was not present.
Patients tend to describe the angina pains with the flat of their hand horizontally across the middle of their chest; they tend to describe oesophageal spasms with a clenched fist at the upper xiphisternum
edge, moving in a vertical manner.
Chest circumference was measured with the same measuring tape at the level of xiphisternum
in front, in a plane at right angles to the vertebral column and just below the inferior angle of scapula midway between inspiration and expiration (nearest 0.