The paper used was fuxie [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], carbon copy paper, which likely refers to xylographic
15) The Collected Commentaries was a Ming compilation that already existed in typographic and xylographic
Korean editions, and various copies of these Korean editions found their way to Japan, as we will see.
This caption, the xylographic
"S" on the right of the image, and the iconography suggest a Brigittine origin: the woodcut's "emphasis on death, the open grave, and the salvation of the individual" link it to "actual daily practice at Syon.
Like Bruno Schulz, but coming from an entirely different direction, he created an Alphabet, 25 (leaving out W) cutout plywood characters, covered with fantastical, co-mingled xylographic
engravingsimages that range from a train car, to clock wheels, a Medusa head, and a melodramatic seance, some of them violent and horrifying.
Other editions of Kagyur such as sTog, Ulan Bator Them spang ma, Phug brag and even the Narthang xylographic
edition supports this reading with omission.