yard


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yard1
on the Mexican naval training vessel Cuauhtemoc

yard 1

 (yärd)
n.
1. Abbr. yd. A fundamental unit of length in both the US Customary System and the British Imperial System, equal to 3 feet, or 36 inches (0.9144 meter). See Table at measurement.
2. Nautical A long tapering spar slung to a mast to support and spread the head of a square sail, lugsail, or lateen.
3. Informal
a. A square yard: bought 4 yards of fabric.
b. A cubic yard: dug up 100 yards of soil.

[Middle English yerde, stick, unit of measure, from Old English gerd.]

yard 2

 (yärd)
n.
1. A tract of ground next to, surrounding, or surrounded by a building or buildings.
2.
a. A tract of ground, often enclosed, used for a specific business or activity.
b. A baseball park.
3. An area where railroad trains are made up and cars are switched, stored, and serviced on tracks and sidings.
4.
a. A winter pasture for deer or other grazing animals.
b. An enclosed tract of ground in which animals, such as chickens or pigs, are kept.
v. yarded, yard·ing, yards
v.tr.
To enclose, collect, or put into a yard.
v.intr.
To gather together into a yard: The deer are yarding up in their winter grounds.

[Middle English, from Old English geard; see gher- in Indo-European roots.]

yard

(jɑːd)
n
1. (Units) a unit of length equal to 3 feet and defined in 1963 as exactly 0.9144 metre. Abbreviation: yd
2. (Nautical Terms) a cylindrical wooden or hollow metal spar, tapered at the ends, slung from a mast of a square-rigged or lateen-rigged vessel and used for suspending a sail
3. (Tools) short for yardstick2
4. put in the hard yards informal Austral to make a great effort to achieve an end
5. the whole nine yards informal everything that is required; the whole thing
[Old English gierd rod, twig; related to Old Frisian jerde, Old Saxon gerdia, Old High German gertia, Old Norse gaddr]

yard

(jɑːd)
n
1. (Building) a piece of enclosed ground, usually either paved or laid with concrete and often adjoining or surrounded by a building or buildings
2. (Commerce)
a. an enclosed or open area used for some commercial activity, for storage, etc: a railway yard.
b. (in combination): a brickyard; a shipyard.
3. (Horticulture) a US and Canadian word for garden1
4. (Railways) an area having a network of railway tracks and sidings, used for storing rolling stock, making up trains, etc
5. (Zoology) US and Canadian the winter pasture of deer, moose, and similar animals
6. (Agriculture) Austral and NZ an enclosed area used to draw off part of a herd, etc
7. (Commerce) NZ short for saleyard, stockyard
vb (tr)
(Agriculture) to draft (animals), esp to a saleyard
[Old English geard; related to Old Saxon gard, Old High German gart, Old Norse garthr yard, Gothic gards house, Old Slavonic gradu town, castle, Albanian garth hedge]

Yard

(jɑːd)
n
(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the Yard informal Brit short for Scotland Yard

yard1

(yɑrd)

n.
1.
a. a unit of linear measure in English-speaking countries, equal to 3 feet or 36 inches (0.9144 meter).
b. a cubic yard: a yard of topsoil.
2. a long spar, supported more or less at its center, to which the head of a square sail, lateen sail, or lugsail is bent.
3. Informal. a large quantity or extent.
4. Slang. one hundred or, usu., one thousand dollars.
Idioms:
the whole nine yards, Informal. in every respect; without limits.
[before 900; Old English gerd orig., staff, c. Old Saxon gerdia switch, Old High German gart(e)a rod; akin to gad2]

yard2

(yɑrd)
n.
1. the ground that immediately adjoins or surrounds a house, public building, etc.
2. a courtyard.
3. an outdoor enclosure for exercise, as by students or inmates.
4. an outdoor space surrounded by a group of buildings, as on a college campus.
5. an enclosure for livestock.
6. an enclosure within which any work or business is carried on (often used in combination): a lumberyard.
7. an outside area used for storage, assembly, etc.
8. a system of parallel tracks, crossovers, switches, etc., where rail cars are made up into trains and where rolling stock is kept when not in use or when awaiting repairs.
9. the winter pasture or browsing ground of moose and deer.
v.t.
10. to put into, enclose, or store in a yard.
[before 900; Middle English yerd, Old English geard enclosure, c. Old Saxon gard, Old High German gart, Old Norse garthr, Gothic gards; akin to Latin hortus garden, Old Irish gort sowed field; compare garden]

yard

(yärd)
A unit of length equal to 3 feet or 36 inches (0.91 meter). See Table at measurement.

yard

The noun yard has two main meanings.

1. measurement

A yard is a unit of length in the imperial system of measurement. It is equal to thirty-six inches, or approximately 91.4 centimetres.

Jack was standing about ten yards away.

In Britain it is becoming more common to give measurements in metres, rather than yards.

2. area around a house

In both British and American English, a yard is an area of ground attached to a house. In British English, it is a small area behind a house, with a hard surface and usually a wall round it. In American English, it is an area on any side of a house, usually with grass growing on it. In British English, a fairly large area like this is called a garden or back garden.

yard


Past participle: yarded
Gerund: yarding

Imperative
yard
yard
Present
I yard
you yard
he/she/it yards
we yard
you yard
they yard
Preterite
I yarded
you yarded
he/she/it yarded
we yarded
you yarded
they yarded
Present Continuous
I am yarding
you are yarding
he/she/it is yarding
we are yarding
you are yarding
they are yarding
Present Perfect
I have yarded
you have yarded
he/she/it has yarded
we have yarded
you have yarded
they have yarded
Past Continuous
I was yarding
you were yarding
he/she/it was yarding
we were yarding
you were yarding
they were yarding
Past Perfect
I had yarded
you had yarded
he/she/it had yarded
we had yarded
you had yarded
they had yarded
Future
I will yard
you will yard
he/she/it will yard
we will yard
you will yard
they will yard
Future Perfect
I will have yarded
you will have yarded
he/she/it will have yarded
we will have yarded
you will have yarded
they will have yarded
Future Continuous
I will be yarding
you will be yarding
he/she/it will be yarding
we will be yarding
you will be yarding
they will be yarding
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been yarding
you have been yarding
he/she/it has been yarding
we have been yarding
you have been yarding
they have been yarding
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been yarding
you will have been yarding
he/she/it will have been yarding
we will have been yarding
you will have been yarding
they will have been yarding
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been yarding
you had been yarding
he/she/it had been yarding
we had been yarding
you had been yarding
they had been yarding
Conditional
I would yard
you would yard
he/she/it would yard
we would yard
you would yard
they would yard
Past Conditional
I would have yarded
you would have yarded
he/she/it would have yarded
we would have yarded
you would have yarded
they would have yarded

yard

(yd) A unit of length equal to three feet. 1 yard = 3 ft (36 in).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.yard - a unit of length equal to 3 feet; defined as 91.44 centimeters; originally taken to be the average length of a stride
linear measure, linear unit - a unit of measurement of length
ft, foot - a linear unit of length equal to 12 inches or a third of a yard; "he is six feet tall"
perch, rod, pole - a linear measure of 16.5 feet
chain - a unit of length
lea - a unit of length of thread or yarn
fathom, fthm - a linear unit of measurement (equal to 6 feet) for water depth
2.yard - the enclosed land around a house or other building; "it was a small house with almost no yard"
backyard - the grounds in back of a house
dooryard - a yard outside the front or rear door of a house
front yard - the yard in front of a house; between the house and the street
garden - a yard or lawn adjoining a house
playground - yard consisting of an outdoor area for children's play
side yard - the grounds at either side of a house
field - a piece of land cleared of trees and usually enclosed; "he planted a field of wheat"
3.yard - a tract of land enclosed for particular activities (sometimes paved and usually associated with buildings); "they opened a repair yard on the edge of town"
junkyard - a field where junk is collected and stored for resale
schoolyard - the yard associated with a school
churchyard, God's acre - the yard associated with a church
tiltyard - (formerly) an enclosed field for tilting contests
4.yard - the cardinal number that is the product of 10 and 100
large integer - an integer equal to or greater than ten
millenary - a sum or aggregate of one thousand (especially one thousand years)
5.yard - a unit of volume (as for sand or gravel)yard - a unit of volume (as for sand or gravel)
6.yard - a tract of land where logs are accumulated
7.yard - an area having a network of railway tracks and sidings for storage and maintenance of cars and enginesyard - an area having a network of railway tracks and sidings for storage and maintenance of cars and engines
marshalling yard - a railway yard in which trains are assembled and goods are loaded
8.yard - a long horizontal spar tapered at the end and used to support and spread a square sail or lateen
main yard - yard for a square mainsail
sailing ship, sailing vessel - a vessel that is powered by the wind; often having several masts
spar - a stout rounded pole of wood or metal used to support rigging
yardarm - either end of the yard of a square-rigged ship
9.yard - an enclosure for animals (as chicken or livestock)
barnyard - a yard adjoining a barn
chicken run, chicken yard, fowl run, hen yard - an enclosed yard for keeping poultry
enclosure - a structure consisting of an area that has been enclosed for some purpose
farmyard - an area adjacent to farm buildings
stockyard - enclosed yard where cattle, pigs, horses, or sheep are kept temporarily

yard

noun
1. courtyard, court, garden, backyard, quadrangle I saw him standing in the yard.
2. workshop, works, plant, industrial unit a railway yard

yard

noun
An area partially or entirely enclosed by walls or buildings:
Translations
سَاحَةساحَه، فِناءمَسْفَن، حَوْض بِناء سُفُنيَارِدَةياردَه
dvůryardloděnice
gårdyard=-gårdgårdspladshave
jaardipiharaaka
dvorištejard
garîur, lóî, port-stöî, -portyard
ヤード
구내야드
dokijardskuģubūvētavalaukums
yard
dvoriščejardvrt
gårdtomtträdgårdyard
บริเวณบ้านหลา
avluyardatersaneaçık hava deposu
sânthước Anh

yard

1 [jɑːd] N (= measure) → yarda f (91,44cm)
a few yards offa unos metros
he pulled out yards of handkerchiefsacó un enorme pañuelo
with a face a yard longcon una cara muy larga

yard

2 [jɑːd] N
1. (= courtyard, farmyard) → patio m (US) (= garden) → jardín m; (for livestock) → corral m (Scol) → patio m (de recreo); (= worksite) → taller m; (for storage) → depósito m, almacén m; (for shipping, boats) → astillero m (Rail) → estación f
the Yard; Scotland Yard (Brit) oficina central de la policía de Londres
2. (Naut) (= spar) → verga f

yard

[ˈjɑːrd] n
[school] → cour f
The children were playing in the yard → Les enfants jouaient dans la cour.
(US) (= garden) → jardin m
(= measure) → yard m (= 914 mm)
(for construction work)chantier m
builder's yard → chantier m de constructionyard sale n (US)vide-grenier m

yard

1
n
(Measure) → Yard nt (0.91 m); he can’t see a yard in front of himer kann keinen Meter weit sehen; to buy cloth by the yard˜ Stoff meterweise or im Meter kaufen; he pulled out yards of handkerchief (inf)er zog ein riesiges Taschentuch hervor (inf); to have a list a yard long of things to do (inf)eine ellenlange Liste von Dingen haben, die man noch tun muss (inf); his guess was yards out (inf)er lag mit seiner Schätzung völlig schief; he wrote poetry by the yarder produzierte Gedichte am Fließband or am laufenden Meter; to go the whole nine yards (US inf) → es ganz gründlich machen
(Naut) → Rah f

yard

2
n
(of farm, hospital, prison, school, house etc)Hof m; in the yardauf dem Hof
(= worksite)Werksgelände nt; (for storage) → Lagerplatz m; builder’s yardBauhof m; shipbuilding yardWerft f; naval (dock)yard, navy yard (US) → Marinewerft f; railway yard (Brit) → Rangierbahnhof m, → Verschiebebahnhof m; goods yard, freight yard (US) → Güterbahnhof m
(Brit inf) the Yard, Scotland YardScotland Yard m
(US: = garden) → Garten m

Yard

[jɑːd] n (Brit) (fam) the YardScotland Yard m inv

yard

1 [jɑːd] n
a. (measure) → iarda (91,44 cm), yard f inv
to sell sth by the yard → vendere qc al metro
yards of (fig) → chilometri di
b. (Naut) → pennone m

yard

2 [jɑːd] n (courtyard, farmyard) → cortile m (Am) (garden) → giardino; (worksite) → cantiere m; (for storage) → deposito
builder's yard → deposito di materiale da costruzione
back yard (Brit) → cortile sul retro (Am) → giardino sul retro

yard1

(jaːd) noun
(often abbreviated to yd) an old unit of length equal to 0.9144 metres.

yard2

(jaːd) noun
1. an area of (enclosed) ground beside a building. Leave your bicycle in the yard; a school-yard; a courtyard.
2. an area of enclosed ground used for a special purpose. a shipyard; a dockyard.

yard

سَاحَة, يَارِدَة dvůr, yard have, yard Hof, Yard γιάρδα, προαύλιο patio, yarda jaardi, piha cour, yard dvorište, jard cortile, iarda ヤード, 庭 구내, 야드 binnenplaats, yard plass, yard jard, podwórko jarda, quintal двор, ярд gård, yard บริเวณบ้าน, หลา avlu, yarda sân, thước Anh , 院子
References in classic literature ?
Things seem so cheap, nice ribbons only sixpence a yard.
Calling Adolph Myers into the school yard he began to beat him with his fists.
Harling, our nearest neighbour, kept an eye on me, and if my behaviour went beyond certain bounds I was not permitted to come into her yard or to play with her jolly children.
On either side extended a ruinous wooden fence of open lattice-work, through which could be seen a grassy yard, and, especially in the angles of the building, an enormous fertility of burdocks, with leaves, it is hardly an exaggeration to say, two or three feet long.
To look upon its grass-grown yard, where the sunbeams seem to sleep so quietly, one would think that there at least the dead might rest in peace.
I had seen a sailor who had visited that very island, and he told me that it was the custom, when a great battle had been gained there, to barbecue all the slain in the yard or garden of the victor; and then, one by one, they were placed in great wooden trenchers, and garnished round like a pilau, with breadfruit and cocoanuts; and with some parsley in their mouths, were sent round with the victor's compliments to all his friends, just as though these presents were so many Christmas turkeys.
There was accommodation for many horses and carriages; but I need only describe the stable into which I was taken; this was very roomy, with four good stalls; a large swinging window opened into the yard, which made it pleasant and airy.
She put the mug down on the stones of the yard, and gave me the bread and meat without looking at me, as insolently as if I were a dog in disgrace.
To my old country--to the town where I was born--up Lantern Yard.
We belayed the fore down-haul; but the sail was split, and we hauled down the yard, and got the sail into the ship, and unbound all the things clear of it.
No," said the niece, "there is no reason for showing mercy to any of them; they have every one of them done mischief; better fling them out of the window into the court and make a pile of them and set fire to them; or else carry them into the yard, and there a bonfire can be made without the smoke giving any annoyance.
The tall masts holding aloft the white canvas, spread out like a snare for catching the invisible power of the air, emerge gradually from the water, sail after sail, yard after yard, growing big, till, under the towering structure of her machinery, you perceive the insignificant, tiny speck of her hull.