Also found in: Thesaurus, Idioms, Wikipedia.


 (yo͝or-sĕlf′, yôr-, yər-)
1. That one identical with you:
a. Used reflexively as the direct or indirect object of a verb or as the object of a preposition: Did you buy yourself a gift?
b. Used for emphasis: You yourself were certain of the facts.
c. Used in an absolute construction: In office yourself, you helped push the bill along.
2. Your normal or healthy condition: Are you feeling yourself again? See Usage Note at myself.


(jɔːˈsɛlf; jʊə-)
pron, pl -selves
a. the reflexive form of you
b. (intensifier): you yourself control your destiny.
2. (preceded by a copula) your normal or usual self: you're not yourself these days.


(yʊərˈsɛlf, yɔr-, yoʊr-, yər-)

pron., pl. -selves (-ˈsɛlvz)
1. a reflexive form of you (used as the direct or indirect object of a verb or the object of a preposition): Did you ever ask yourself, “Why” ? You can think for yourself.
2. (used as an intensifier): a letter you yourself wrote.
3. (used in absolute constructions): Yourself so sensitive, how can you ignore my feelings?
4. (used in place of you in various compound and comparative constructions): Ted and yourself have been elected; a girl no older than yourself.
5. your normal or customary self: You'll soon be yourself again.
6. oneself: The surest way is to do it yourself.
usage: See myself.



When you is the subject of a verb and refers to one person, you use yourself as the object of the verb or of a preposition in the clause to refer to the same person.

Are you feeding yourself properly?
You're making a fool of yourself.

When you refers to more than one person, you use yourselves as the object of the verb or preposition.

I hope you both behaved yourselves.
Are you looking after yourselves?

Yourself and yourselves are often used in imperative structures.

Control yourself.
Please help yourselves to another drink.

Yourself and yourselves can also be used to emphasize the subject of a clause.

You don't even know it yourself.
You must sort this out yourselves.

If you do something yourself, you do it without any help from anyone else.

Did you write this yourself?

When you are using you to refer to people in general, the reflexive form is yourself, not 'yourselves'.

If you find yourself in debt you must start dealing with it immediately.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:


by yourself
1. on your own, independently, solo, single-handedly, unaided, without help, unassisted, without assistance, under your own steam, off your own bat I'd rather do it by myself, thanks.
2. alone, separately, on your own, singly, unaccompanied, friendless, unescorted, on your tod (slang), companionless, in a solitary state He was sitting all by himself.
بِنَفْسِك، بِدون مُساعَدَهنَفْسَكنَفْسُكنَفسَك: تُسْتَعْمَل للتَّوْكيد
dig selvjer selvselvdig
itseoma itsesinä itse
saját magate magadegymagadmagadmagadat
òig, òérsjálfursjálfur, hjálparlaust
당신 자신
du själv
kendinkendinekendinikendiniztek başına
chính bạn


[jəˈself] PRON (yourselves (pl)) [jəˈselvz]
1. (reflexive)
1.1. (familiar) → te
have you hurt yourself?¿te has hecho daño?
1.2. (formal) → se
have you hurt yourself?¿se ha hecho daño?
2. (for emphasis)
2.1. (familiar) → mismo/a
you did it yourselftú mismo lo hiciste
do it yourself!¡hazlo tú mismo!
you yourself said sotú mismo lo dijiste
2.2. (formal) → usted mismo/a
you did it yourselfusted mismo lo hizo
you yourself said sousted mismo lo dijo
3. (after a preposition)
3.1. (familiar) → ti mismo/a
you did it for yourselflo hiciste para ti mismo
3.2. (formal) → usted mismo/a
you did it for yourselflo hizo para usted mismo
(all) by yourselfsin ayuda de nadie
did you come by yourself?¿viniste solo?
4. = oneself


[jɔːrˈsɛlf jʊərˈsɛlf] pron
(reflexive, familiar form)te; (polite form)vous
Have you hurt yourself, Amy? → Est-ce que tu t'es fait mal, Amy?
Have you hurt yourself, sir? → Est-ce que vous vous êtes fait mal, monsieur?
(after preposition, familiar form)toi; (polite form)vous
Tell me about yourself! → Parlez-moi de vous!
by yourself → tout seul(e)
(emphatic, familiar form)toi-même; (polite form)vous-même
Do it yourself! → Fais-le toi-même!
You yourself told me.; You told me yourself → C'est toi qui me l'a dit.


pron pl <yourselves>
(reflexive) (German familiar form) (sing) (acc) → dich; (dat) → dir; (pl) → euch; (German polite form: sing, pl) → sich; have you hurt yourself?hast du dir/haben Sie sich wehgetan?; you never speak about yourselfdu redest nie über dich (selbst)/Sie reden nie über sich (selbst)
(emph)selbst; you yourself told me, you told me yourselfdu hast/Sie haben mir selbst gesagt; you are not quite yourself todaydu bist heute gar nicht du selbst, du bist/Sie sind heute irgendwie verändert or anders; how’s yourself? (inf)und wie gehts dir/Ihnen?; you will see for yourselfdu wirst/Sie werden selbst sehen; did you do it by yourself?hast du/haben Sie das allein gemacht?


[jəˈsɛlf] pers pron (yourselves (pl)) [jəˈsɛlvz]
a. (reflexive, sg) → ti; (pl) → vi; (sg, polite) → si; (pl, very formal) → si
have you hurt yourself? → ti sei (or si è) fatto male?
have you hurt yourselves? → vi siete (or si sono) fatti male?
b. (emphatic, sg) → tu stesso/a; (pl) → voi stessi/e; (sg, polite) → lei stesso/a; (pl, very formal) → loro stessi/e
you yourself told me → me l'hai detto proprio tu, tu stesso me l'hai detto
c. (after prep) → te, te stesso/a; (polite) → lei, lei stesso/a; (pl) → voi, voi stessi/e; (very formal) → loro, loro stessi/e
(all) by yourself → (tutto) da solo
d. (impersonal, reflexive) → si; (emphatic) → se stessi; (after prep) → sé, se stessi
see also oneself


(joː) , ((American) juər) adjective
belonging to you. your house/car.
yours (joːz) , ((American) juərz) pronoun
something belonging to you. This book is yours; Yours is on that shelf.
yourˈself (-ˈselvz) plural yourˈselves pronoun
1. used as the object of a verb or preposition when the person(s) spoken or written to is/are the object(s) of an action he/they perform(s). Why are you looking at yourselves in the mirror?; You can dry yourself with this towel.
2. used to emphasize you. You yourself can't do it, but you could ask someone else to do it.
3. without help etc. You can jolly well do it yourself!
yours (faithfully/sincerely/truly)
expressions written before one's signature at the end of a letter.


نَفْسُك sám dig selv du selbst εσύ ο ίδιος te, usted mismo sinä itse toi-même sebe te stesso あなた自身 당신 자신 jezelf deg selv siebie você mesmo себя du själv ตัวคุณเอง kendini chính bạn 您自己
References in classic literature ?
Call yourself any names you like, but I am neither a rascal nor a wretch and I don't choose to be called so.
You can see for yourself how the old man, who had spent all of his life writing and was filled with words, would write hundreds of pages concerning this matter.
You know him, Duncan, or you would not trust yourself so freely to his keeping?
I would have you investigate it now with the sole view of forming to yourself some unexaggerated, intelligent estimate of whatever battering-ram power may be lodged there.
you forget yourself you take me for my friendany message to Miss Smith I shall be happy to deliver; but no more of this to me, if you please.
I do not ask you to bring it yourself, because I have a far more important commission to intrust to you.
Without going near it yourself, you could always hear of the safety of Tom, Jack, or Richard, through Mr.
If you wish to please them, you must sell yourself to some rich vampire of the factories or great landlord.
Measure out seven feet on the earth, brother squire, and if that's not enough for you, take as many more, for you may have it all your own way and stretch yourself to your heart's content.
His wife visited for him, and this was the received thing in the world, where the weighty and multifarious occupations of the magistrate were accepted as an excuse for what was really only calculated pride, a manifestation of professed superiority -- in fact, the application of the axiom, "Pretend to think well of yourself, and the world will think well of you," an axiom a hundred times more useful in society nowadays than that of the Greeks, "Know thyself," a knowledge for which, in our days, we have substituted the less difficult and more advantageous science of knowing others.
In either case it will always be more advantageous for you to declare yourself and to make war strenuously; because, in the first case, if you do not declare yourself, you will invariably fall a prey to the conqueror, to the pleasure and satisfaction of him who has been conquered, and you will have no reasons to offer, nor anything to protect or to shelter you.
If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat.