zamindar

(redirected from zemindars)

zam·in·dar

also zem·in·dar  (zăm′ən-där′, zĕm′-, zə-mēn-där′)
n.
1. An official in precolonial India assigned to collect the land taxes of his district.
2. A landholder in British colonial India responsible for collecting and paying to the government the taxes on the land under his jurisdiction.

[Hindi zamīndār, from Persian : zamīn, earth; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots + -dār, -holder; see dher- in Indo-European roots.]

zamindar

(zəmiːnˈdɑː) or

zemindar

n
(Agriculture) (in India) the owner of an agricultural estate
[via Hindi from Persian: landholder, from zamīn land + -dār holder]

za•min•dar

or ze•min•dar

(zə minˈdɑr)

n.
1. (in British India) a landlord required to pay a land tax to the government.
2. (in Mogul India) a collector of farm revenue, who paid a fixed sum on the district assigned to him.
[1675–85; < Hindi < Persian zamīndār landholder =zamīn earth, land + -dār holding, holder]
References in classic literature ?
Down south they sell them - to zemindars and such-all of Oudh.
Aziz: "The British noticed this, as had the Mughals before them and the Afghans before the Mughals, and used the zemindars and the land-pir to keep the imperial harness in place".
Their grievances coincided with the precarious condition of the zemindars leading to the spark of a popular revolt which is commonly known as Chuar rebellion.
35) On the basis of the official sources it appears that out of 350 attacks two-third of which with the help of the peasants were directed against the Company, zemindars, tehsildars and other loyal servants of them.
Pudo referirse con la primera estimacion a los ryots, trabajadores directos mantenidos al "minimo indispensable para su subsistencia" por los zemindars, recaudadores, o al margen de estos ultimos sobre el producto, pues ambos agentes eran ancestralmente land holders, de acuerdo con su critica a los "prejuicios aristocraticos" que imaginaban un "feudalismo" indio y pretendian ensillarlo con un sistema identico al de la agricultura britanica.
The latter she regarded as having worsened for peasants under British rule as a result of changes introduced in the role and power of the zemindars (landholders) to facilitate production for export.
So that the zemindars were dispossessed, the country racked and ruined, for the benefit of an European, under the name of a farmer.
En Inde, de 1885 a 1892, le jesuite Constantin Lievens jeta les bases de la mission du Chota-Nagpore a partir du Bengale occidental; il prit vigoureusement la defense des agriculteurs opprimes par les zemindars, proprietaires fonciers et, de ce fait, gagna la confiance des foules (27).