zemstvo(redirected from Zemstva)
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n. pl. zemst·vos
An elective council responsible for the local administration of a provincial district in czarist Russia.
[Russian, from Old Russian zemĭ, land; see dhghem- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
zemstvo(ˈzɛmstvəʊ; Russian ˈzjɛmstvə)
n, pl -stvos
(Historical Terms) (in tsarist Russia) an elective provincial or district council established in most provinces of Russia by Alexander II in 1864 as part of his reform policy
[C19: from Russian, from zemlya land; related to Latin humus earth, Greek khamai on the ground]
n., pl. -stvos.
one of a system of elected local assemblies in Russia from 1864 to 1917.
[1860–65; < Russian zémstvo, derivative of zemlyá land, earth; see humus]