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 (zĕmst′vō, zyĕm′stvə)
n. pl. zemst·vos
An elective council responsible for the local administration of a provincial district in czarist Russia.

[Russian, from Old Russian zemĭ, land; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots.]


(ˈzɛmstvəʊ; Russian ˈzjɛmstvə)
n, pl -stvos
(Historical Terms) (in tsarist Russia) an elective provincial or district council established in most provinces of Russia by Alexander II in 1864 as part of his reform policy
[C19: from Russian, from zemlya land; related to Latin humus earth, Greek khamai on the ground]


(ˈzɛmst voʊ)

n., pl. -stvos.
one of a system of elected local assemblies in Russia from 1864 to 1917.
[1860–65; < Russian zémstvo, derivative of zemlyá land, earth; see humus]
References in periodicals archive ?
Grigori Miasoyedov's The Zemstvo Dines (1872; Figs.
A proper or fitting relation to the higher world, to other people, and to lower nature is organized collectively in the forms of church, state, and economic society, or zemstvo.
And while these moments suggest that voluntary associations played a major role in helping to develop a vibrant sense of political autonomy among certain groups of Russians, the reader learns relatively little about the broader context of civic culture in imperial Russia, a context that included the zemstvo movement, street life, leisure institutions, newspaper proliferation, business ventures, charitable societies, and much else.
The socialists are married and are criticizing the Zemstvo.
Since the end of the last century one more form of it has done a considerable way: ZEMSTVO (rural and regional governance), unfortunately, only district and provincial, without a root of a regional zemstvo and without accomplishment of All-Russian ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1990: 51).
The Debate over the Delivery of Health Care in Rural Russia: The Moscow Zemstvo, 1864-1878.
Shipov, the great zemstvo (local, self-governing councils of the late Tsarist period) leader who sought to avoid a deadly confrontation between state and society.
Similar to these, our fundamental moral relation to lower nature (our own as well as outer nature) is organized objectively and collectively in the third common sphere of humanity's life--in society as economic union, or in zemstvo.
In rural areas, the Justices of the Peace were appointed by district zemstvo assemblies.
Zemstvo writers were especially distinguished in this regard (the Poltava and Khar'kov zemstvos perhaps most of all), but so too were a number of non-zemstvo pamphleteers (many of them populists) who wrote resettlement brochures and handbooks "for the people.
Many of these bureaucrats had worked earlier in the Russian zemstvo movement; some had been members of the Socialist Revolutionary Party.