zenith


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ze·nith

 (zē′nĭth)
n.
1. The point on the celestial sphere that is directly above the observer.
2. The upper region of the sky.
3. The highest point above the observer's horizon attained by a celestial body.
4. The point of culmination; the peak: the zenith of her career. See Synonyms at summit.

[Middle English senith, from Old French cenith, from Medieval Latin, from Arabic samt (ar-ra's), path (over the head), from Latin sēmita, path; see mei- in Indo-European roots.]

zenith

(ˈzɛnɪθ; US ˈziːnɪθ)
n
1. (Astronomy) astronomy the point on the celestial sphere vertically above an observer
2. the highest point; peak; acme: the zenith of someone's achievements.
[C17: from French cenith, from Medieval Latin, from Old Spanish zenit, based on Arabic samt, as in samt arrās path over one's head, from samt way, path + al the + rās head]
ˈzenithal adj

ze•nith

(ˈzi nɪθ; esp. Brit. ˈzɛn ɪθ)

n.
1. the point on the celestial sphere vertically above a given position or observer. Compare nadir.
2. the highest point or state; culmination; peak.
[1350–1400; Middle English cenith < Medieval Latin < Old Spanish zenit, scribal error for zemt < Arabic samt road (compare Arabic samt ar-rās road above (over) one's head, the opposite of nadir)]

ze·nith

(zē′nĭth)
The point on the celestial sphere that is directly above the observer.

zenith

, nadir - Zenith derived from Arabic samt ar-ras, "the way or road above one's head"; zenith technically is the point directly above the observer and nadir is the point directly below.
See also related terms for observer.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.zenith - the point above the observer that is directly opposite the nadir on the imaginary sphere against which celestial bodies appear to be projected
celestial point - a point in the heavens (on the celestial sphere)
celestial sphere, empyrean, firmament, heavens, vault of heaven, welkin, sphere - the apparent surface of the imaginary sphere on which celestial bodies appear to be projected
nadir - the point below the observer that is directly opposite the zenith on the imaginary sphere against which celestial bodies appear to be projected

zenith

noun height, summit, peak, top, climax, crest, high point, pinnacle, meridian, apex, high noon, apogee, acme, vertex His career is now at its zenith.
base, bottom, nadir, lowest point, depths, rock bottom

zenith

noun
The highest point or state:
Informal: payoff.
Medicine: fastigium.
Translations
سَمْت، أوْج، أعْلى نُقْطَه
zenitnadhlavník
topzenit
lakipistezeniitti
zenit
hvirfilpunktur, hápunktur
天頂絶頂頂点
zenitas
zenīts
zenit
zenitzirve

zenith

[ˈzenɪθ] N
1. (Astron) → cenit m
2. (fig) → cenit m, apogeo m
to be at the zenith of one's powerestar en el apogeo de su poder

zenith

[ˈzɛnɪθ ˈziːnɪθ] n
(ASTRONOMY)zénith m
to reach its zenith [sun, planet] → atteindre son zénith
(fig)zénith m
to be at its zenith → être à son zénith
to reach its zenith → atteindre son zénith

zenith

n (Astron, fig) → Zenit m

zenith

[ˈzɛnɪθ] n (liter) (of civilization) → culmine m; (of career) → apice m (Astron) → zenit m inv

zenith

(ˈzeniθ) noun
the highest point. The sun reaches its zenith at midday.
References in classic literature ?
All beneath the fantastic limbs and ragged tree tops, which were, here and there, dimly painted against the starry zenith, lay alike in shadowed obscurity.
By this time the sun had gone down, and was tinting the clouds towards the zenith with those bright hues which are not seen there until some time after sunset, and when the horizon has quite lost its richer brilliancy.
An unwearied pall of cloud muffled the whole expanse of sky from zenith to horizon.
Then I touched off the hogshead of rockets, and a vast fountain of dazzling lances of fire vomited itself toward the zenith with a hissing rush, and burst in mid-sky into a storm of flashing jewels
The great cloud-barred disk of the sun stood just above a limitless expanse of tossing white-caps--so to speak--a billowy chaos of massy mountain domes and peaks draped in imperishable snow, and flooded with an opaline glory of changing and dissolving splendors, while through rifts in a black cloud-bank above the sun, radiating lances of diamond dust shot to the zenith.
Close by us was the Grand Stand - tier on tier of dim thrones rising up toward the zenith.
And at the zenith of his fame, how he would suddenly appear at the old village and stalk into church, brown and weather-beaten, in his black velvet doublet and trunks, his great jack-boots, his crimson sash, his belt bristling with horse-pistols, his crime-rusted cut- lass at his side, his slouch hat with waving plumes, his black flag unfurled, with the skull and crossbones on it, and hear with swelling ecstasy the whisperings, "It's Tom Sawyer the Pirate
I lingered at the gates; I lingered on the lawn; I paced backwards and forwards on the pavement; the shutters of the glass door were closed; I could not see into the interior; and both my eyes and spirit seemed drawn from the gloomy house--from the grey-hollow filled with rayless cells, as it appeared to me--to that sky expanded before me,--a blue sea absolved from taint of cloud; the moon ascending it in solemn march; her orb seeming to look up as she left the hill-tops, from behind which she had come, far and farther below her, and aspired to the zenith, midnight dark in its fathomless depth and measureless distance; and for those trembling stars that followed her course; they made my heart tremble, my veins glow when I viewed them.
Nor was his name unheard or unador'd In ancient Greece; and in AUSONIAN land Men call'd him MULCIBER; and how he fell From Heav'n, they fabl'd, thrown by angry JOVE Sheer o're the Chrystal Battlements: from Morn To Noon he fell, from Noon to dewy Eve, A Summers day; and with the setting Sun Dropt from the Zenith like a falling Star, On LEMNOS th' AEGAEAN Ile: thus they relate, Erring; for he with this rebellious rout Fell long before; nor aught avail'd him now To have built in Heav'n high Towrs; nor did he scape By all his Engins, but was headlong sent With his industrious crew to build in hell.
Their heads were all reclined, either to the right, or the left; one of their eyes turned inward, and the other directly up to the zenith.
The moon shone in the midst of the constellations of the zenith.
Fogg still held Aouda's hand in his own; Passepartout understood, and his big, round face became as radiant as the tropical sun at its zenith.