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 (zo͞o-äv′, zwäv)
1. A member of a French infantry unit, originally composed of Algerian recruits, characterized by colorful uniforms and precision drilling.
2. A member of a group patterned after the French Zouaves, especially a member of such a unit of the Union Army in the US Civil War.

[French, from Berber Zwāwa, the Kabyle tribe from which the unit's members were originally recruited.]


(zuːˈɑːv; zwɑːv)
1. (Military) (formerly) a member of a body of French infantry composed of Algerian recruits noted for their dash, hardiness, and colourful uniforms
2. (Military) a member of any body of soldiers wearing a similar uniform or otherwise modelled on the French Zouaves, esp a volunteer in such a unit of the Union Army in the American Civil War
[C19: from French, from Zwāwa, tribal name in Algeria]


(zuˈɑv, zwɑv)

1. a member of a former body of infantry in the French army, composed orig. of Algerians, distinguished for their showy drill and picturesque uniforms.
2. a member of any military body adopting a similar dress and drill, esp. a member of any of certain volunteer regiments in the American Civil War.
[1820–30; < French < Arabic zawāwah]
References in classic literature ?
Hunter's cock-spur--possibly you have heard of that--flourished on the bull's neck; and the rhinoceros rats of the Algerian zouaves are also to be thought of,--monsters manufactured by transferring a slip from the tail of an ordinary rat to its snout, and allowing it to heal in that position.
Ledoux, and that Bellegarde's acquaintance with him dated from the days when they served together in the Pontifical Zouaves.
Et ce, jusqu'a fournir un premier drapeau national au Canada francais au tout debut du XXe siecle, le Carillon-Sacre-Coeur, des heros nationaux tels les <<Saint-Martyrs-Canadiens>>, en 1930 (88), voire une politique et une visibilite internationales, avec les Zouaves pontificaux et les oeuvres missionnaires.
Et en se basant sur ce texte juridique, le boulevard des 4 Zouaves (actuellement Felix Houphouet Boigny) a ete elargi.
In 1860, in an attempt to fend off incorporation into the new kingdom of Italy, French General Louis-Christophe-Leon Juchault de la Moriciere organized a new military unit for the Papacy--the Zouaves Pontificaux.
The papal Zouaves, inspired by an Algerian Berber tribe of the same name (Zwawa) and originally the name of a part of the French military, were constituted in 1860 under the pontiff Pius IX and French Major Lamorciere to oppose the Italian unification process which had been threatening the papal states of central Italy.
The four regiments of Zouaves in the French Army in 1914, while dressed in traditional North African style uniforms, were composed entirely of native Frenchmen rather than Colonials (bottom, left).
Everywhere were fugitives--territorials, 'joyeux,' 'tiralleurs,' zouaves, artillerymen--without weapons, haggard, greatcoats thrown away or wide open, running around like madmen, begging for water in loud cries, spitting blood, some even rolling on the ground making desperate efforts to breathe.
He joined the French army during World War I, was assigned to a crack regiment, the legendary Third Zouaves.
Diane Audy presente un ouvrage bien documente sur les zouaves de Quebec au XXe siecle.
An association of Zouaves was established in their memory in Quebec City in 1899, and the movement "grew elsewhere in the province, even to the point that an actual regiment of Canadian Papal Zouaves was formed in the early 20th century.
For example, the Vatican Swiss Guards inspired the "Canadian Pontifical Zouaves Regiment.