Yeast particles of Zymosan
were used as the foreign agent to induce phagocytosis.
Dissociation of Toll-like receptor 2-mediated innate immune response to Zymosan
by organic solvent-treatment without loss of Dectin-1 reactivity.
(10 mg/mL, Sigma) was mixed with the serum of adult rockfish, which were not used in this feeding experiment, and incubated at 25[degrees]C for 30 min.
28% in normal saline and a zymosan
(yeast) solution of 1% in normal saline was used.
Cyanidin 3-O-beta-D-glucoside suppresses nitric oxide production during a zymosan
treatment in rats.
Innate immune cells carry special molecules called Toll-like receptors (TLRs) on their surface that recognize and bind highly conserved structures on bacterial, fungal, or viral surfaces, including peptidoglycan, flagellin, zymosan
, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS, also known as endotoxin) (Janeway and Medzhitov 2002).
The first of these is inflammation, which the scientists induce by injecting a substance called Zymosan
in an area just behind the edge of the iris of the mouse's eye.
This is in accordance with similar data demonstrating analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of various Hypericum species in mice models either with tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) induced ear inflammation (Rabanal 2005, Sanchez-Mateo 2006), zymosan
induced organ dysfunction syndrome or of carrageenan induced pleuritis (Sanchez-Mateo 2006, Di Paola 2007).
Involvement of resident macrophages and mast cells in the writhing nociceptive response induced by zymosan
and acetic acid in mice.
The pineal gland hormone melatonin improves survival in a rat model of sepsis/shock induced by zymosan
Researchers at the Emory Vaccine Center and Yerkes National Primate Research Center have discovered that dendritic cells can respond to a compound called zymosan
, a component of yeast cell walls, through two different receptors by sending out both stimulatory and calming messages at once.
Briefly, CL generated by AMs was measured before and after stimulation with zymosan
(2 mg/mL final concentration; Sigma Chemical Co.