zymosan


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zy·mo·san

 (zī′mə-săn′)
n.
An insoluble substance containing various polysaccharides that is a component of the cell walls of yeast and other fungi and induces production of inflammatory cytokines. It is used in the immunoassay of the serum protein properdin.

zymosan

(ˈzaɪməʊˌsæn)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem an insoluble carbohydrate found in yeast
References in periodicals archive ?
Dissociation of Toll-like receptor 2-mediated innate immune response to Zymosan by organic solvent-treatment without loss of Dectin-1 reactivity.
Zymosan (10 mg/mL, Sigma) was mixed with the serum of adult rockfish, which were not used in this feeding experiment, and incubated at 25[degrees]C for 30 min.
Cyanidin 3-O-beta-D-glucoside suppresses nitric oxide production during a zymosan treatment in rats.
Innate immune cells carry special molecules called Toll-like receptors (TLRs) on their surface that recognize and bind highly conserved structures on bacterial, fungal, or viral surfaces, including peptidoglycan, flagellin, zymosan, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS, also known as endotoxin) (Janeway and Medzhitov 2002).
The first of these is inflammation, which the scientists induce by injecting a substance called Zymosan in an area just behind the edge of the iris of the mouse's eye.
This is in accordance with similar data demonstrating analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of various Hypericum species in mice models either with tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) induced ear inflammation (Rabanal 2005, Sanchez-Mateo 2006), zymosan induced organ dysfunction syndrome or of carrageenan induced pleuritis (Sanchez-Mateo 2006, Di Paola 2007).
Involvement of resident macrophages and mast cells in the writhing nociceptive response induced by zymosan and acetic acid in mice.
The pineal gland hormone melatonin improves survival in a rat model of sepsis/shock induced by zymosan A.
Researchers at the Emory Vaccine Center and Yerkes National Primate Research Center have discovered that dendritic cells can respond to a compound called zymosan, a component of yeast cell walls, through two different receptors by sending out both stimulatory and calming messages at once.
Briefly, CL generated by AMs was measured before and after stimulation with zymosan (2 mg/mL final concentration; Sigma Chemical Co.