Also found in: Financial, Encyclopedia.
1. State; condition; quality: bankruptcy.
2. Rank; office: baronetcy.
[Middle English -cie, from Old French -cie, -tie, from Latin -cia, -tia and Greek -kiā, -keia, -tiā, -teia.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (forming nouns from adjectives ending in -t, -tic, -te, and -nt) indicating state, quality, or condition: plutocracy; lunacy; intimacy; infancy.
2. (forming abstract nouns from other nouns) rank or office: captaincy.
[via Old French from Latin -cia, -tia, Greek -kia, -tia, abstract noun suffixes]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
1. a suffix used to form abstract nouns from adjectives with stems in -t, -te, -tic, and esp. -nt (democracy; accuracy; expediency; stagnancy; lunacy), and sometimes used to form action nouns (vacancy; occupancy).
2. a suffix of nouns denoting rank or office, sometimes attached to the stem of a word rather than to the word itself: captaincy; magistracy.
[representing French -cie, -tie, Latin -cia, -tia, Greek -kia, -keia, -tia, -teia; in most cases to be analyzed as consonant + -y3, the consonant making the whole or the last member of the preceding morpheme]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.