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Recursiveness: a) sequential application of the same suffix (mainly DIM -ino) in regular root-based diminutive formation, as in fett-in-ina 'slice-DIM-DIM' vs.
For example, the principle applies in cases like tant-in-ino 'small-DFM-DFM', where the double diminutive conveys progressive diminution and has regular leftward scope direction (it complies with Mithun's 1999 notion of scope, see also Rice 2006), but not in tant-in-ello/etto 'much-DIM1D[M.sub.2]', as D[M.sub.2] -ello does not produce any shift from the denotational meaning of smallness conveyed by the first suffix -ino, which makes the direction of scope less transparent.
The first combines pejorative denotation (-acci-) with morphopragmatic meaning (Dressler and Merlini Barbaresi 1994) of empathy and tenderness conveyed by -ino. By contrast, besti-ol-in-acce combines pragmatic irony in besti-ol-ine, apparently empathetic and tender but actually referred, in the text, to unpleasant microbes, and pejorative denotation with suffix -accio.
In mixed evaluative prefix-suffix combinations, like maxi-cappott-ino 'maxi-coat-DIM', as in non vedo l'ora di mettermi il mio maxi-cappottino 'I'm looking forward to wearing my.', the semantic denotation of maxi is not commutable with the morphopragmatic meaning of -ino (speaker's expression of pleasure, tenderness).
They precede evaluatives and preferentially -ino and -ello, more rarely, -otto -olo -ozzo -atto, -one, -accio, with the exclusion of -etto and -uccio.
For example, -er/ar- prefers -ello, -olo and -ozzo as in fatt-er-ello 'fact', gatt-ar-ola 'cat door' and bac-ar-ozzo 'worm', and more rarely -ino; -ol preferentially precedes -ino, as in magr-ol-ino 'thin' andprat-ol-ina 'daisy', whereas -ic(i)combines well with both -ino and -ello, as in part-ic-ina 'part, role' and part-ic-ella 'particle'.
These properties make -ino a favourite choice (see [section] l.a above) (Merlini Barbaresi 2004: 281).
Due to their polarity, both -ino and -one are semantically and morphotactically most efficient and transparent.
In combination with other diminutives, suffix -ino tends to collocate as final, but it does not prevent subsequent suffixation (cf.
3.1.1 The cumulation of augmentative -one and diminutive -ino (but also -etto, and -ello) creates extra complications (Dressler and Merlini Barbaresi 2010).
This general law might seem to contradict what I said of suffix -ino ([section] 3.1), at the same time most efficient and preferentially final when combined with other diminutives, as in bimb-ett-ino 'child-DIM1 -D[M.sub.2]'.
This refers to a sequential application of the same suffix (-ino and more rarely -one) in regular rootbased diminutive formation, as in fetta 'slice' [right arrow] fett-ina [right arrow] fett-in-ina orpiatto 'plate' [right arrow] piatt-ino [right arrow] piatt-in-ino.
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