-ism

(redirected from -ismus)
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-ism

suff.
1. Action; process; practice: terrorism.
2. Characteristic behavior or quality: heroism.
3.
a. State; condition; quality: pauperism.
b. State or condition resulting from an excess of something specified: strychninism.
4. Distinctive or characteristic trait: Latinism.
5.
a. Doctrine; theory; system of principles: pacifism.
b. An attitude of prejudice against a given group: racism.

[Middle English -isme, from Old French, from Latin -ismus, from Greek -ismos, n. suff.]

-ism

suffix forming nouns
1. indicating an action, process, or result: criticism; terrorism.
2. indicating a state or condition: paganism.
3. indicating a doctrine, system, or body of principles and practices: Leninism; spiritualism.
4. indicating behaviour or a characteristic quality: heroism.
5. indicating a characteristic usage, esp of a language: colloquialism; Scotticism.
6. indicating prejudice on the basis specified: sexism; ageism.
[from Old French -isme, from Latin -ismus, from Greek -ismos]

ism

(ˈɪz əm)

n.
a distinctive doctrine, theory, system, or practice: capitalism, socialism, and other isms.
[< -ism]

-ism

a suffix appearing in loanwords from Greek, where it was used to form action nouns from verbs (baptism); on this model, used as a productive suffix in the formation of nouns denoting action or practice, state or condition, principles, doctrines, a usage or characteristic, devotion or adherence, etc.: Darwinism; despotism; plagiarism; realism; witticism. Compare -ist, -ize.
[< Greek -ismos, -isma]
References in periodicals archive ?
The first obstacle is in the title term itself: "nihilismus." The suffix -ismus typically carries a pejorative or ironic tone (historismus, mysticismus, Sherlockismus, snobismus).
"Come up, black Dada" would have been syntactically sufficient, yet the invocation stutters across the stanza gap to add "nihilismus." The gap here only readmits the ironizing connotations of -ismus, undermining the murderous impulse from the outset.