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State; quality; condition; degree: brightness.
[Middle English -nes, from Old English.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
suffix forming nouns
indicating state, condition, or quality, or an instance of one of these: greatness; selfishness; meaninglessness; a kindness.
[Old English -nes, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic -nassus]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
a headland; promontory; cape.
[before 900; Middle English -nes(se) (in place names), in part continuing Old English næs, in part < Old Norse nes]
a suffix attached to adjectives and participles, forming abstract nouns denoting quality and state (and often, by extension, something exemplifying a quality or state): darkness; goodness; obligingness; preparedness.
[Middle English, Old English -nes, -nis, c. Old High German -nessi, Gothic -nassus; suffix orig. *-assus; -n- by false division of words with adj. and past participle stems ending in -n-; compare Old English efnes (later efen-nys) evenness]
Loch, a lake in SW Scotland, near Inverness. 23 mi. (37 km) long.
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