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-y 1

or -ey
1. Characterized by; consisting of: clayey.
a. Like: summery.
b. To some degree; somewhat; rather: chilly.
3. Tending toward; inclined toward: sleepy.

[Middle English, from Old English -ig.]

-y 2

1. Condition; state; quality: jealousy.
a. Activity: cookery.
b. Instance of a specified action: entreaty.
a. Place for an activity: cannery.
b. Result or product of an activity: laundry.
4. Collection; body; group: soldiery.

[Middle English -ie, from Old French, from Latin -ia. Sense 2b, ultimately from Latin -ium.]

-y 3

or -ie
1. Small one: doggy.
2. Dear one: sweetie.
3. One having to do with or characterized by: townie.

[Middle English -ie, -y.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.




suffix forming adjectives
1. (from nouns) characterized by; consisting of; filled with; relating to; resembling: sunny; sandy; smoky; classy.
2. (from verbs) tending to; acting or existing as specified: leaky; shiny.
[from Old English -ig, -ǣg]






1. denoting smallness and expressing affection and familiarity: a doggy; a granny; Jamie.
2. a person or thing concerned with or characterized by being: a groupie; a fatty.
[C14: from Scottish -ie, -y, familiar suffix occurring originally in names, as in Jamie (James)]


suffix forming nouns
1. (from verbs) indicating the act of doing what is indicated by the verbal element: inquiry.
2. (esp with combining forms of Greek, Latin, or French origin) indicating state, condition, or quality: geography; jealousy.
[from Old French -ie, from Latin -ia]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Y, y


n., pl. Ys Y's, ys y's.
1. the 25th letter of the English alphabet, a semivowel.
2. any spoken sound represented by this letter.
3. something shaped like a Y.
4. a written or printed representation of the letter Y or y.


the Y, Informal. the YMCA, YWCA, YMHA, or YWHA.



1. the 25th in order or in a series.
2. (sometimes l.c.) Elect. admittance.
3. Chem. yttrium.
4. Biochem. tyrosine.


Math. Symbol.
an unknown quantity or a variable.


or i-

a prefix occurring in certain obsolete words (iwis) and esp. in archaic past participles (yclad; yclept).
[Middle English y-, i- (reduced variant a-), Old English ge-, prefix with perfective, intensifying, or collective force; c. Old Frisian, Old Saxon ge-, gi-, Old High German ga-, gi, Gothic ga-]


or -ey

an adjective-forming suffix meaning “characterized by or inclined to” the substance or action of the word or stem to which the suffix is attached: bloody; cloudy; sexy; squeaky.
[Old English -ig; c. German -ig]


or -ie

a noun-forming suffix, added to monosyllabic bases, occurring in endearing or familiar names or common nouns formed from personal names, other nouns, and adjectives (Billy; Susie; birdie; granny; sweetie; tummy) and in various other usu. informal coinages, sometimes pejorative (boonies; goalie; groupie; Okie; rookie). This suffix also forms from adjectives nouns that denote exemplary or extreme instances of the quality specified (baddie; biggie), sometimes focusing on a restricted, usu. unfavorable sense of the adjective (sharpie; sickie; whitey). Compare -o, -sy.
[late Middle English (Scots)]


a suffix of various origins used in the formation of action nouns from verbs (inquiry), and also found in other abstract nouns (infamy).
[representing Latin -ia -ia, -ium -ium1; Greek -ia, -eia, -ion; French -ie; German -ie]


1. yard.
2. year.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.