An example is 1,1,1-trichloroethane
(methyl chloroform) that had a single-pollutant odds ratio for an ASD diagnosis of 1.88 (95% CI: 1.04, 3.38), which was attenuated to 0.55 (95% CI: 0.22, 1.37) adjusting for benzidine, to 0.83 (95% CI: 0.32, 2.14) adjusting for mercury compounds, and to 1.23 (95% CI: 0.48, 3.17) adjusting for pentachloronitrobenzene.
Edwards, "Identification of Dehalobacter reductive dehalogenases that catalyse dechlorination of chloroform, 1,1,1-trichloroethane
and 1,1-dichloroethane," Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London.
Widely occurring VOCs, such as e.g., benzene, ethylbenzene, xylenes, 1,1,1-trichloroethane
, trichloroethylene, tetra-chloroethylene, carbontetrachloride, chloroform, are toxic and/or carcinogenic substances [1-3].
Huybrechts and co-workers  observed such behaviour during the pyrolysis of 1,1,1-trichloroethane
in the presence and absence of added HCl.
Hydrodechlorination of 1,1,1-trichloroethane
over silica supported palladium catalyst.
Doran et al., "Plasma polymerization of 1,1,1-trichloroethane
yields a coating with robust antibacterial surface properties," RSC Advances, vol.
The chlorinated organic solvents such as trichloroethene (TCE), cis-1,2-dichloroethene (cis-1,2-DCE), 1,1,1-trichloroethane
(TCA), and 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) have been widely used for decades as a degreasing agent, a cleaning agent, and organic synthesis intermediates in chemical, pharmaceutical, electronic, tanning, printing, and other industries [1-3].
Fennelly and Roberts employed individual metals and several bimetals (Ni/Fe, Cu/Fe) to investigate the reductive degradation of 1,1,1-trichloroethane
(1,1,1-TCA) ; this work proved that bimetals can not only boost the dechlorination reaction rate, but they can also exert a large influence on the types of final products.
Dioxane is used as a stabilizer in chlorinated solvents, mainly for 1,1,1-trichloroethane
(TCA), which stabilize the solvents by behaving as a lewis base and inhibiting the reactions of solvent with acids and metal salts that may degrade the properties of solvents.
There was a slower phase-out (to zero by 2010) of other substances (halon 1211, 1301, 2402; CFCs 13, 111, 112, etc.) and some chemicals were given individual attention (Carbon tetrachloride; 1,1,1-trichloroethane
Investigators at the scene discovered a large cache of toxic materials, including thousands of rounds of corroded ammunition, highly reactive lead-contaminated waste from shooting ranges, hundreds of pounds of decades-old gunpowder and military M6 cannon powder, and industrial solvents that contained 1,1,1-trichloroethane
and tetrachloroethylene, chemicals that are listed as hazardous substances under federal law.