butanol

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bu·ta·nol

 (byo͞o′tə-nôl′, -nōl′, nŏl′)
n.
Either of two isomeric alcohols, C4H10O, derived from butane and used as solvents and in organic synthesis. Also called butyl alcohol.

butanol

(ˈbjuːtəˌnɒl)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a colourless substance existing in four isomeric forms. The three liquid isomers are used as solvents for resins, lacquers, etc, and in the manufacture of organic compounds. Formula: C4H9OH. Also called: butyl alcohol
[C19: from butan(e) + -ol1]

bu′tyl al′cohol


n.
any of four flammable isomeric liquid alcohols having the formula C4H9OH, used as solvents and in organic synthesis. Also called butanol.
[1865–70]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.butanol - a flammable alcohol derived from butanes and used for solvents
alcohol - any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
Translations
butanol
References in periodicals archive ?
Several carbon-based biofuels such as 1-butanol have also been produced using cyanobacteria.
Eighty-five percent acetronitile following by 2-propanol: 1-butanol: [H.sub.2]O (12: 3: 4) was used for separation of the monosaccharide component.
A solution of zirconium n-butoxide, 80wt%, in 1-butanol was subjected to constant agitation and reflux at 65[degrees]C for 1h.
In synthesis, the static scale method has the advantage of presenting low cost and the ability to be conducted in any given location (considering that all that is required is a set of 1-butanol bottles in those pre-defined dilution rates).
In an atmosphere of dry [N.sub.2], a mixture of p-anisidine (0.24 mol), sodium carbonate(0.16mol)and 80ml 1-butanol is added into the same flask and heated at 120[degrees]C for 5 h.Another sodium carbonate (0.13mol) is added and continue to heat for 24h.
Henry's constants and infinite dilution activity coefficients of propane, propene, butane, isobutane, 1-butene, isobutene, trans-2-butene, and 1,3-butadiene in 1-butanol and 2-butanol from (250 to 330) K.
In some cases a modifier, such 1-propanol, 1-butanol, or 1-pentanol, is added to decrease the retention factors and increase the efficiencies.
The reactivity order of alcohols was found to be methanol greater than ethanol greater than benzyl alcohol greater than 1-propanol greater than 1-butanol greater than 1-pentanol greater than 1-hexanol greater than 2-propanol.
2N [H.sub.2]S[O.sub.4] was added to stop the reaction and extracted the purporgallin that formed with 1-butanol. The spectrophotometer was set on 420 nm and the concentration of purpurogallin in 1-butanol was measured colorimetrically.