Crimea(redirected from 1954 transfer of Crimea)
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A region and peninsula of southern Ukraine on the Black Sea and Sea of Azov. In ancient times it was colonized by Greeks and Romans and later overrun by Ostrogoths, Huns, and Mongols. Conquered by the Ottoman Turks in 1475, the area was annexed by Russia in 1783. The peninsula was the scene of the Crimean War (1853-1856), in which a coalition of English, French, and Turkish troops defeated the Russians, although Crimea itself did not change hands. An autonomous Russian republic after 1921, it was transferred to the Ukrainian SSR in 1954. In 2014, in an internationally disputed referendum, Crimea voted to secede from Ukraine and reintegrate with Russia.
(Placename) a peninsula between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, disputed between Ukraine and Russia: a former autonomous republic of the Soviet Union (1921–54); part of the Ukrainian SSR from (1954–1991); an autonomous republic of independent Ukraine (1991–2014); annexation by Russia in 2014 not recognized internationally. Capital: Simferopol. Pop: 1 966 801 (2014 est) . Russian name: Krym
Cri•me•a(kraɪˈmi ə, krɪ-)
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|Noun||1.||Crimea - a Ukrainian peninsula between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov|
Crimean War - a war in Crimea between Russia and a group of nations including England and France and Turkey and Sardinia; 1853-1856
Ukraine, Ukrayina - a republic in southeastern Europe; formerly a European soviet; the center of the original Russian state which came into existence in the ninth century
Yalta - a resort city in Crimea in the southern Ukraine on the Black Sea; site of the Allied conference between Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill in February 1945