taurine(redirected from 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid)
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Of, relating to, or resembling a bull.
An amino acid, C2H7NO3S, not found in proteins, that is synthesized in the liver from cysteine, is found in bile and other body fluids and tissues, and has a variety of physiological functions.
[Greek tauros, bull (from its having been obtained first from ox bile); see tauro- in Indo-European roots + -ine.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Zoology) of, relating to, or resembling a bull
[C17: from Latin taurīnus, from taurus a bull]
(Elements & Compounds) a derivative of the amino acid, cysteine, obtained from the bile of animals; 2-aminoethanesulphonic acid. Formula: NH2CH2CH2SO3H
[C19: from tauro- (as in taurocholic acid, so called because discovered in ox bile) + -ine2]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
tau•rine1(ˈtɔr aɪn, -ɪn)
1. of or resembling a bull.
2. pertaining to the zodiacal sign Taurus.
[1605–15; < Latin taurīnus, derivative of taur(us) a bull]
tau•rine2(ˈtɔr in, -ɪn)
a neutral crystalline substance, C2H7NO3S, obtained from bile.
[1835–45; <Latin taur(us) or Greek taûr(os) bull + -ine2; the substance was orig. obtained from ox bile]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||taurine - a colorless crystalline substance obtained from the bile of mammals|
|Adj.||1.||taurine - of or relating to or resembling a bull|
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