taurine

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tau·rine 1

 (tôr′īn′)
adj.
Of, relating to, or resembling a bull.

[Latin taurīnus, from taurus, bull; see tauro- in Indo-European roots.]

tau·rine 2

 (tôr′ēn′)
n.
An amino acid, C2H7NO3S, not found in proteins, that is synthesized in the liver from cysteine, is found in bile and other body fluids and tissues, and has a variety of physiological functions.

[Greek tauros, bull (from its having been obtained first from ox bile); see tauro- in Indo-European roots + -ine.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

taurine

(ˈtɔːraɪn)
adj
(Zoology) of, relating to, or resembling a bull
[C17: from Latin taurīnus, from taurus a bull]

taurine

(ˈtɔːriːn; -rɪn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a derivative of the amino acid, cysteine, obtained from the bile of animals; 2-aminoethanesulphonic acid. Formula: NH2CH2CH2SO3H
[C19: from tauro- (as in taurocholic acid, so called because discovered in ox bile) + -ine2]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

tau•rine1

(ˈtɔr aɪn, -ɪn)

adj.
1. of or resembling a bull.
2. pertaining to the zodiacal sign Taurus.
[1605–15; < Latin taurīnus, derivative of taur(us) a bull]

tau•rine2

(ˈtɔr in, -ɪn)

n.
a neutral crystalline substance, C2H7NO3S, obtained from bile.
[1835–45; <Latin taur(us) or Greek taûr(os) bull + -ine2; the substance was orig. obtained from ox bile]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.taurine - a colorless crystalline substance obtained from the bile of mammalstaurine - a colorless crystalline substance obtained from the bile of mammals
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
Adj.1.taurine - of or relating to or resembling a bull
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

taurine

n taurina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Taurine or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid is a sulfonated [beta]-amino acid which is derived from diet or synthesized from the cysteine mainly in the liver.
Taurine, also known as 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, is a naturally occurring beta-amino acid (which has a sulphonic acid group instead of carboxylic acid, differentiating it from other amino acids) yielded by methionine and cysteine metabolism in the liver.