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 (tər-pĭn′ē-ôl′, -ōl′, -ŏl′)
Any of three isomeric alcohols, C10H17OH, occurring naturally in the essential oils of certain plants and used as solvents in perfumes, soaps, and medicine.


(Elements & Compounds) a terpene alcohol with an odour of lilac, present in several essential oils. A mixture of the isomers is used as a solvent and in flavourings and perfumes. Formula: C10H17OH
[C20: from terpene + -ine2 + -ol1]


(tɜrˈpɪn iˌɔl, -ˌɒl)

any of several unsaturated tertiary alcohols having the formula C10H18O: used chiefly in the manufacture of perfumes.
[1840–50; terpine (terp- (see terpene) + -ine2) + -ol2]
References in periodicals archive ?
The oregano 1-to-1 sample also had the highest levels of antioxidant volatile compounds--thymol, 4-terpineol and terpinen.
Upon GC/MS analysis essential oil contained thirty compounds eluted on a DB-1-1022 column such as 1R-a-Pinene, b-Pinene, D-Limonene, b-Phellandrene, b-Terpinyl acetate, T-Terpinene, p-Cymene, Dehydro-p-cymene, cis-b-Terpineol, Trans-p-Metha-2,8-dienal, 4-Terpineol, Trans-dihydrocarvone, a-Terpineol, D-Carvone, Carvone, Cis-p-Menth-1-en-3-ol, 2,3-Epoxycarene, L-cis-Sabinol, p-Cymen-8-ol, cis-Carveol, Estragole, 2-Pinen-4-one, 2-Allyl-4-methyl phenol, O-tert-butyl Phenol, Thymol, Carvacrol, Elemicin, Myristicin, Apiol, Methoxyeugenol and Limonene-6-ol, pivalate (Table 5).
Other compounds are D- limonene, 4-terpineol, and caryophyllene which contribute 51-3% of the oil contents.
Thus the presence of [alpha]-pinene, [alpha]-terpinene, [gamma]-terpinene, terpinolene, [beta]-terpineol, a-terpineol (one the major compounds in fruit extract), 4-terpineol, isoborneol, [gamma]-cadinene (the major compound in leaf extract), [alpha]-cadinene, cadina-1, 4-diene and [sigma]-cadinene may contribute to the diuretic and antiseptic action of the leaf and fruit extracts of the Egyptian J.