ADP

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ADP

 (ā′dē′pē′)
n.
A nucleotide, C10H15N5O10P2, that is composed of adenosine and two linked phosphate groups, and that is converted to ATP for the storage of energy in living cells.

[a(denosine) d(i)p(hosphate).]

ADP

n
(Biochemistry) biochem adenosine diphosphate; a nucleotide derived from ATP with the liberation of energy that is then used in the performance of muscular work

ADP

1. adenosine diphosphate: a nucleotide that functions in the transfer of energy during the catabolism of glucose, formed by the removal of a phosphate from adenosine triphosphate and composed of adenine, ribose, and two phosphate groups. Compare ATP.
2. automatic data processing.
[1940–45]

ADP

(ā′dē′pē′)
Short for adenosine diphosphate. An organic compound, C10H15N5O10P2, that is composed of adenosine and two phosphate groups. It is converted to ATP for the storage of energy during cell metabolism.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ADP - an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
nucleotide, base - a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
2.ADP - data processing by a computerADP - data processing by a computer  
data processing - (computer science) a series of operations on data by a computer in order to retrieve or transform or classify information
EDP, electronic data processing - automatic data processing by electronic means without the use of tabulating cards or punched tapes
IDP, integrated data processing - automatic data processing in which data acquisition and other stages or processing are integrated into a coherent system
References in periodicals archive ?
ModPred predicted sites for proteolytic cleavage, carboxylation and ADP-ribosylation at E18 (Table 6).
Among these, the post-translational modification (PTM) ADP-ribosylation (ADPR) plays a decisive role in effective DDR.
In vitro studies at that time have indicated that ADP-ribosylation of chromatin occurs mainly in the histone H1 and H2B, and have also suggested nonhistone proteins may undergo ADP-ribosylation.
Monomeric GTPases called ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs) are critical for vesicular traffic.
This enzymatic reaction is allosterically activated by the so-called ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs), a family of essential and ubiquitous G proteins.
The Gi ADP-ribosylation decreases the response to inhibitory agents of adenylate cyclase and increases the response of stimulatory agents (1), (8-11).
A diverse and elaborate array of post-translational modifications including acetylation, phosphorylation, methylation, ubiquitination, and ADP-ribosylation occurs at N-terminal histone domains.

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