AZT


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AZT

 (ā′zē-tē′)
n.
An antiviral drug, C10H13N5O4, that is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor and is used in combination with other drugs for the treatment of HIV infection. Also called zidovudine.

[az(ido)t(hymidine).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

AZT

abbreviation for
(Pharmacology) azidothymidine. Also called: zidovudine
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

AZT


Trademark.
azidothymidine: an antiviral drug used in the treatment of AIDS. Compare zidovudine.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.AZT - an antiviral drug (trade name Retrovir) used in the treatment of AIDSAZT - an antiviral drug (trade name Retrovir) used in the treatment of AIDS; adverse side effects include liver damage and suppression of the bone marrow
NRTI, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor - an antiviral drug used against HIV; is incorporated into the DNA of the virus and stops the building process; results in incomplete DNA that cannot create a new virus; often used in combination with other drugs
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

AZT

N ABBR =azidothymidineAZT m (medicina antisida)
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

AZT

[ˌeɪzɛdˈtiː] n abbr (=azidothymidine) → AZT f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

AZT

abbr of azidothymidineAZT nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

AZT

[ˌeɪzɛdˈtiː] n abbr =azidothymidineAZT m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

AZT

n AZT m&f
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Helperby also presented preclinical data which shows that AZT is active against carbapenem and colistin resistant Enterobacteriaceae.
Helperby Therapeutics, a biopharmaceutical company involved in developing the next generation of antibiotics, has revealed phase one results on the tolerability, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and efficacy of AZT and colistin, both alone and as a combined therapy, against multi-drug resistant Enterobacteriaceae, one of the most serious drug resistant pathogens, it was reported on Friday.
Once AZT is transported into the mitochondria [11, 12], the AZT-5'-triphosphate formed inside [8, 13] impairs the bioenergetics and increments [H.sub.2][O.sub.2] production, when glutamate/malate were used as substrates.
Conclusion: For the first time, it was demonstrated that Pt-AZT has more inhibitory effect on telomerase and Bcl-2 expression than AZT. It effectively inhibits the growth of liver tumor in rats by extending apoptosis.
Study subjects received HAART as per the NACO guidelines, consisting of zidovudine (AZT) (300 mg BID)/stavudine (d4T) (30 mg BID)+lamivudine (3TC) (150 mg BID)+nevirapine (NVP) (200 mg OD)/efavirenz (EFV) (600 mg OD).
Five mothers received AZT for a median duration of 20 weeks (based on clinical records only; no record of degree of adherence to AZT dual therapy was found) and an additional five received no PMTCT prophylaxis (two defaulted on ART prior to onset of pregnancy but verbally reported being on ART at booking, one presented in labour, one tested negative in pregnancy then positive in labour, and one did not receive prophylaxis despite booking at 6 weeks' gestation).
For example, FBC is recommended at 1, 2, 3 and 6 months if the patient is receiving AZT; creatinine needs be monitored at months 3 and 6, and thereafter annually, if the patient is receiving TDF; and fasting cholesterol and triglycerides monitored at month 3 if the patient is receiving Aluvia (lopinavir/ritonavir; Abbott Laboratories), and then annually thereafter.
suggested that reductions in malaria prevalence associated with AZT MDA might have contributed to observed decreases in overall deaths (10).
AZT is classified under Biopharmaceutical Classification System (BCS) as a class III drug, has a short biological half-life, and undergoes extensive first pass metabolism.
AZT has been used in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS patients for nearly 30 years, but it can cause anemia, which is considered as serious or life-threatening, compared with other adverse effects; [11-13] its side-effects are much less common with the use of low doses.
World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for first-line antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings recommend that treatment should be based on nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) backbones of AZT and 3TC (lamivudine, Epivir), or tenofovir (Viread) and 3TC.
AZT, kismi veya total limbal kok hucre yetmezliginde (LKHY) tek basina veya limbal kok hucre transplantasyonu ile birlikte kullanilabilmektedir.