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Related to Aardwolves: Proteles cristata


A mammal (Proteles cristatus) of southern and eastern Africa, similar to a hyena but feeding mainly on termites and insect larvae.

[Afrikaans : aarde, earth (from Middle Dutch aerde; see er- in Indo-European roots) + wolf, wolf (from Middle Dutch; see wl̥kwo- in Indo-European roots).]


n, pl -wolves
(Animals) a nocturnal mammal, Proteles cristatus, that inhabits the plains of southern Africa and feeds on termites and insect larvae: family Hyaenidae (hyenas), order Carnivora (carnivores)
[C19: from Afrikaans, from aarde earth + wolf wolf]



n., pl. -wolves.
a shaggy, striped African carnivore, Proteles cristatus, related to the hyena, that subsists largely on termites and insect larvae.
[1825–35; < Afrikaans erdwolf < Dutch aardwolf=aarde earth + wolf wolf]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aardwolf - striped hyena of southeast Africa that feeds chiefly on insectsaardwolf - striped hyena of southeast Africa that feeds chiefly on insects
hyaena, hyena - doglike nocturnal mammal of Africa and southern Asia that feeds chiefly on carrion
References in periodicals archive ?
Ant-eating mammals constitute a textbook example of morphological convergence with at least five independent origins in placentals (armadillos, anteaters, aardvarks, pangolins, and aardwolves).
However, in behaviourally and physically monomorphic carnivores, like aardwolves Proteles cristatus, one would predict minimal sex differences in early development (Sliwa 1996).
Red wolves, Canadian otters and aardwolves (hyena relatives that stalk termites) turn out not to have lost their genetic sweet spot.
This finding is consistent with data from aardwolves (Nel & Bothma 2002) and agrees well with the suggested social structure of brown hyaenas; i.e.
2002: Scent marking and midden use by aardwolves (Proteles cristatus) in the Namib Desert.--Journal of Ecology 21: 25-39.
These include the aardwolves of Africa, the aardvarks ("ground pig" in Afrikaans) and the pangolins of Africa and Asia, and the numbats and echidnas, primitive egg-laying mammals of Australia.
Aardwolves (Proteles cristatus) are solitary, nocturnal, medium-sized (7-10 kg) mammals that occur in east-central and southern Africa, typically in regions of arid and semiarid grasslands, including the Kalahari Desert and some parts of the hyperarid Namib Desert (Skinner and Smithers 1990).
The degeneration of cheek teeth of aardwolves is thought to be an adaption to their diet, one of the most specialized of all the Carnivora.
mossambicus provides far less food for aardwolves, in part because its presence on the soil surface is less predictable, apparently because this species stores food underground during the dry season, and in part because when it does forage on the surface, it does so in smaller foraging parties, usually 10-20 individuals.
We favor the idea that because termites are, at times (such as during cold weather) unavailable on the soil surface, aardwolves face periods of prolonged fasting.
In a previous laboratory study, we measured the oxygen consumption and evaporative water loss of aardwolves during both summer and winter at ambient temperatures ranging from 5 [degrees] to 35 [degrees] C (Anderson et al.
For example, carnivorous mammals' descendants that now shun meat include honey badgers, bamboo-eating pandas, and termite-slurping aardwolves.