The material is grouped in chapters on Arab writing on the conquest of the Mediterranean, the silences of the sea: the Abbasid
jihad, Muslim center of the western Mediterranean: Islam without the Abbasids
, the Mediterranean of the two empires, the maritime awakening of the Muslim west, and whether the maritime imperialism of the caliphs in the 10th century marked the end of jihad.
After taking Kufa, he force the Abbasids
to pay large sums of money in for him to leave the town in peace.
He thereby left only a much weaker subordinate sultan in Iraq and western Iran, which meant that the Abbasids
had much greater scope of action.
A study of the early history of Islamic state reveals that the Abbasids
were the first dynasty who paid full attention to the establishment and development of state institutions as never before.
In his new book, he draws on what he knows well to tell us about the origins of the caliphate: about its articulation under the Umayyads of Damascus and the Abbasids
of Baghdad, and about its subsequent history in Fatimid Egypt, in Umayyad and Almohad Iberia, and under the Mamluks of Cairo and the Ottomans of Constantinople.
Yet another imperial capital was created, this one for the Islamic Empire, in today's Iraq, in Baghdad, where the Abbasids
moved in 762 while keeping control of Damascus and Syria.
caliphs followed the Sassanid and Sasanian influences are obvious in political, social and many affairs of life of Abbasids
The overthrow of the first Muslim dynasty, the staunchly anti-Shiite Umayyads, in the year 750, by the Abbasids
, who traced their lineage to the Prophet Mohammad's uncle, raised hopes, albeit short-lived, of a Sunni-Shiite rapprochement.
Fatimids, who challenged Abbasids
, ruled Eygpt and the remnants of Umayyads who survived Abbasid
persecution in Iraq were established far away in Spain.
It reminded of old war of Umayyads, Abbasids
and new war of world powers and Mideast against Shi'ite Hussainiat
On the other hand, a number of mortar shells landed in the vicinity of the Abbasids
in Damascus with no information about casualties.
The ancient panels belong to the Abbasids
dome in the Sayda Nefisa neighbourhood, and date back to the 13 th century.