abstinence

(redirected from Abstinince)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

ab·sti·nence

 (ăb′stə-nəns)
n.
The act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite or desire, especially for alcoholic drink or sexual intercourse.

[Middle English, from Old French abstenance, from Latin abstinentia, from abstinēns, abstinent-, present participle of abstinēre, to hold back; see abstain.]

ab′sti·nent adj.
ab′sti·nent·ly adv.
Synonyms: abstinence, self-denial, temperance, sobriety, continence
These nouns refer to the habitual refusal to indulge a desire, especially a sensual one. Abstinence implies the willful avoidance of pleasures, especially of food and drink, thought to be harmful or self-indulgent: "I vainly reminded him of his protracted abstinence from food" (Emily Brontë).
Self-denial suggests resisting one's own desires for the achievement of a higher goal: "For too many people, the result of sedentary living is a perennial, losing battle against the bulge: bursts of self-denial interspersed with guilt when self-denial inevitably leads to self-indulgence" (Jane Brody).
Temperance refers to moderation and self-restraint and sobriety to gravity in bearing, manner, or treatment; both nouns denote moderation in or abstinence from consuming alcohol: Teetotalers preach temperance for everyone. "[T]hose moments which would come between the subsidence of actual sobriety and the commencement of intoxication" (Anthony Trollope).
Continence specifically refers to abstaining from sexual activity: The nun took a vow of continence.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

abstinence

(ˈæbstɪnəns)
n
1. the act or practice of refraining from some action or from the use of something, esp alcohol
2. (Roman Catholic Church) chiefly RC Church the practice of refraining from specific kinds of food or drink, esp from meat, as an act of penance
[C13: via Old French from Latin abstinentia, from abstinēre to abstain]
ˈabstinent adj
ˈabstinently adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ab•sti•nence

(ˈæb stə nəns)

also ab′sti•nen•cy,



n.
1. forbearance from indulgence of an appetite.
2. abstention from a drug, as alcohol or heroin, esp. a drug on which one is dependent.
3. the refraining from certain kinds of foods on certain days, as from meat during Lent.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Latin abstinentia. See abstain, -ence]
ab′sti•nent, adj.
ab′sti•nent•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

abstinence

a voluntary and habitual self-deprivation, especially from alcoholic beverages. — abstinent, adj.
See also: Alcohol
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.abstinence - the trait of abstaining (especially from alcohol)abstinence - the trait of abstaining (especially from alcohol)
self-denial, self-discipline - the trait of practicing self discipline
2.abstinence - act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite
chastity, sexual abstention, celibacy - abstaining from sexual relations (as because of religious vows)
self-control, self-denial, self-discipline - the act of denying yourself; controlling your impulses
temperance, sobriety - abstaining from excess
teetotaling, teetotalism - abstaining from alcohol
fast, fasting - abstaining from food
inhibition, suppression - (psychology) the conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or desires
sawm - the third pillar of Islam is fasting (primarily during the month of Ramadan); Muslims abstain from food and drink and gambling and all sensuous pleasures from sunrise to sunset during Ramadan
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

abstinence

noun abstention, continence, temperance, self-denial, self-restraint, forbearance, refraining, avoidance, moderation, sobriety, asceticism, teetotalism, abstemiousness, soberness six months of abstinence
abandon, excess, indulgence, self-indulgence, gluttony, acquisitiveness, wantonness, covetousness, greediness
Quotations
"Refrain to-night, And that shall lend a kind of easiness To the next abstinence: the next more easy; For use almost can change the stamp of nature" [William Shakespeare Hamlet]
"Abstinence is as easy to me, as temperance would be difficult" [Samuel Johnson Correspondence with Mrs. Hannah More]
"To many, total abstinence is easier than perfect moderation" [St. Augustine of Hippo On the Good of Marriage]
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

abstinence

noun
The practice of refraining from use of alcoholic liquors:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
إمْتِنَاع عَن تَنَاوُل الكُحُول
abstinencezdrženlivost
afholdenhed
absztinencia
bindindi
abstinencijaabstinencijos simptomaipradėti nebevartoti alkoholiopradėti nebevartoti narkotikų
abstinenceatturešanasatturība
abstinencia
bırakmasakınmauzak durma

abstinence

[ˈæbstɪnəns]
A. Nabstinencia f (from de) total abstinenceabstinencia f total (esp de bebidas alcohólicas)
B. CPD abstinence syndrome Nsíndrome m de abstinencia
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

abstinence

[ˈæbstɪnəns] nabstinence f
sexual abstinence → abstinence sexuelle
abstinence from sth [+ alcohol, drinking] → abstention de qch; [+ sex] → abstinence de qch; [+ meat] → abstention de qch
total abstinence from alcohol → abstention complète de boissons alcoolisées
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

abstinence

nAbstinenz f(from von), Enthaltung f(from von); (= self-restraint)Enthaltsamkeit f; total abstinencevöllige Abstinenz; years of abstinencejahrelange Abstinenz
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

abstinence

[ˈæbstɪnəns] nastinenza
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

abstinence

(ˈӕbstinəns) noun
1. the act or habit of abstaining, especially from alcohol.
2. withdrawal from taking alcohol or addictive drugs. He is in heroin abstinence.
go into abstinence
to start a process of withdrawal from addiction. She went into an alcohol abstinence programme.
symptoms of abstinence
unpleasant physical symptoms such as headaches and nausea, resulting from abstinence.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

ab·sti·nence

n. abstinencia, privación voluntaria, templanza, moderación.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

abstinence

n abstinencia
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.