First report about the trapping activity of Stropharia rugosoannulata acanthocytes
for Northern root knot nematode.
Clinical features of McLeod syndrome include myopathy, CNS manifestations, elevated plasma creatinine kinase (CK) levels, as well as the presence of acanthocytes
on peripheral blood smear.
One case of liver disease showed acanthocytes
. One case of haemolytic uraemic syndrome showed evidence of haemolysis.
The presence of AN, usually seen on the neck and in skin folds, signifies exposure of acanthocytes
to hyperinsulinemia (probably interacting with insulin-like growth factor-1 receptors on these cells) (50).
The 10 class labels chosen were based on clinical significance and availability: schistocytes, dacrocytes (teardrop cells), acanthocytes
, elliptocytes, stomatocytes, spherocytes, codocytes (target cells), echinocytes, overlap, and normal.
Neuroacanthocytosis is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by movement disorders, seizures, dementia, and behavioral changes, as well as spiked acanthocytes
in peripheral smears, but it is rarely accompanied by axonal neuropathy.
Extensive routine diagnostic work-up including systematic blood chemical analysis, screening for acanthocytes
, laboratory testing for Wilson's disease, panel testing for autoimmune-encephalitis antibodies, antibody screening for neurotropic viruses, CSF analysis, electroencephalography, and brain MRI was unrevealing.
Peripheral blood smear findings described in the erythroid line in MDS include spherocytes, macroovalocytes, acanthocytes
, elliptocytes, stomatocytes, teardrop cells, nucleated erythrocytes, basophilic stippling, and howell-jolly bodies.
Spiculated forms includes fragmented red cells, burr cells, acanthocytes
, tear drop red cells and sickle cell.
is a genus of agaricoid, mushroom-forming fungi, which are characterized by the presence of partial veil usually forming an annulus or leaving remnants at the pileus margin, adnate to adnexed lamellae and well-developed rhizomorphs on stipe base, which are densely covered by spiniform crystals called acanthocytes
, the latter considered a diagnostic feature of the genus (Farr, 1980; Cortez & Silveira, 2008).
Peripheral blood smear that was repeated on three occasions revealed no acanthocytes
. Cerebrospinal fluid protein and glucose levels were normal and acellular.
For morphological analysis, abnormal erythrocyte morphology such as stomatocytes, acanthocytes
, schistocytes, and dacryocytes could be observed following pristane injection.