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A semiautonomous region and former sultanate of northwest Sumatra, Indonesia. The first part of Indonesia to convert to Islam (c. 13th century), Aceh was the site of a secessionist insurgency from the 1970s until the signing of a peace agreement with the national government in 2005. In 2004, Aceh was devastated by a severe tsunami that killed over 100,000 people.

A′ceh·nese′ (-nēz′, -nēs′) n. & adj.


(Placename) an autonomous region of N Indonesia, in N Sumatra; mountainous with rain forests; scene of separatist conflict since the later 1990s; coastal areas suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Capital: Banda Aceh. Pop: 3 930 905 (2000). Area: 55 392 sq km (21 381 sq miles)
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Of the many conflicts the Dutch colonial army fought to establish its sovereignty in the Archipelago, the Aceh War was by far the bloodiest and longest.
Still, the historical essays by Antje Missbach and Anthony Reid, which deal with the influence of Dutch scholar and administrator Christiaan Snouk Hurgonje on the Aceh war against Dutch colonialism (1873-1913) and with Aceh's Turkish connections respectively, are nuanced, informative and thoughtfully written.
The Aceh War, which ran until 1942, was the longest and bloodiest colonial war the Dutch ever fought.
This touched off the Aceh War, which lasted intermittently from 1873 to 1942.
The Aceh War was the longest conflict the Dutch ever fought.
In early August 1878, on his first collecting trip for the Zoological Society in London, he found himself on board a Dutch steamer bound from Batavia for Padang, together with 700 European mercenaries hired to fight in the Aceh War and a number of convicts.
Measured against these conflicts, the First Afghan War, the Aceh War of Dutch Sumatra, the French conquest of Madagascar, and the United States counterinsurgency operation of the Philippines produced many casualties and in today's jargon left considerable "collateral damage," but these conflicts were truly "little wars.