Achaean League


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Related to Achaean League: Aetolian League, Belgic confederacy

Achaean League

n
(Historical Terms) a confederation of Achaean cities formed in the early third century bc, which became a political and military force in Greece, directed particularly against Macedonian domination of the Peloponnesus
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The Achaean league received its first birth from Achaeus, and its second from Aratus.
I shall content myself with barely observing here, that of all the confederacies of antiquity, which history has handed down to us, the Lycian and Achaean leagues, as far as there remain vestiges of them, appear to have been most free from the fetters of that mistaken principle, and were accordingly those which have best deserved, and have most liberally received, the applauding suffrages of political writers.
This detail is significant as it was the Achaean League that was instrumental in inviting the burgeoning Roman Empire to intercede in Greek domestic affairs.
The book covers the classical background of the concept of isthmus, the sacking of Corinth, the defeat of the Achaean League, the colonization of the Isthmus during the Late Roman Republic, and many other related subjects.
Baronowski also significantly adopts some of Musti's key concepts: the complexity of Polybius' attitude to Rome, his deep reservations about Roman imperialism, his firm loyalty to the Achaean League and the Hellenistic ideal of autonomy.
Vico does not appear to have had at his disposal a concept for internationalism, but at one point in the New Science he notes a similarity between aristocracies and international federations, with reference to the Achaean League from antiquity:
They acted as political leaders of Greece, both in ruling Greek states and supporting them - at different times they provided financial aid to both the Achaean League and the Spartans.(38)
[-]miscus was almost certainly a damiorgos of Dyme, rather than of the Achaean League (rightly, Hiller, Syll.(3) 684, n.
Principal war: war against the Achaean League (229-222).
A general (strategos) and statesman of the Achaean League, he led a revolt against the Romans (146); persuaded Corinth to ignore envoys from Rome, and incited the Achaean League to revolt against Rome, which was busy with the last stages of the Third Punic War; assembled a large army, made alliances with Thebes (Thivai) and Chalcidice (Khalkidhiki), and attacked Sparta (a Roman ally) by besieging Heraclea in Elis; driven off by a Roman army under Lucius Mummius, he was decisively defeated at Scarphe (near Corinth) (146); disappeared afterward, and presumably killed.