(redirected from Achaemenides)
Also found in: Wikipedia.


 (ə-kē′mə-nĭd, -kĕm′ə-) also A·chae·me·ni·an (ăk′ə-mē′nē-ən)
Of or relating to the dynasty that ruled the Persian Empire.
A member or subject of this dynasty.

[After Achaemenes, legendary ancestor of Cyrus II, founder of the dynasty.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(əˈkiːmənɪd; əˈkɛm-)
n, pl Achaemenids, Achaemenidae (ˌækɪˈmɛnɪˌdiː) or Achaemenides (ˌækɪˈmɛnɪˌdiːz)
(Historical Terms) any member of a Persian dynasty of kings, including Cyrus the Great, that ruled from about 550 to 331 bc, when Darius III was overthrown by Alexander the Great
[from Greek, after Akhaimenēs, name of the founder]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
This section contains one of Gittes's finest pieces of scholarship (as entertaining as it is instructive): the curious function of Achaemenides in Boccaccio's etiology of Florence.
Aeneas and his men land in Sicily, where they are met by the desperate figure of Achaemenides, who was a companion of Odysseus accidentally left behind.
(92) The passage clearly echoes the Cyclops scene in Aeneid 3 where the Trojans meet Achaemenides. In both cases the castaway, upon seeing the strangers, immediately urges the sailors to flee for their lives, but unlike the Trojans in the Aeneid, the Argonauts ignore these warnings and resolve to confront the monster.
14.158-222: on Ovid's retelling of Achaemenides' retelling of Homer, see Hinds 111-15.
Virgil's poetic reworking and compression of this form of words, when he has the desperate Achaemenides invoke 'hoc caeli spirabile lumen' (Aeneid, iii.