The major discrepancy between the rabbinic and historical accounts that concerns us here is when Achashverosh ruled.
This confusion seems to have resulted at least in part from the difficult narrative arrangement of Ezra 4, which jumps ahead to the reign of Achashverosh and Artaxerxes I before returning to the chronological narrative and the reign of Darius I in 4:24 and chapter 5.
There are a number of midrashic sources based on the assumption that Achashverosh ruled in a time before the Second Temple was built.
Rava said: Even so, they upheld accepted it upon themselves in the days of Achashverosh
. That is, when the Jews were standing at the foot of Mount Sinai poised to receive the Torah, God threatened them by holding the mountain over their heads, so that the Jews had no choice but to receive it.
The narrative is greatly enhanced by the stunning photos of original artifacts from that era which included clothing, cosmetics and furniture as well as the gold and silver tableware and drinking vessels from Achashverosh's palace.
The author delves into the chronology of the Persian empire according to Chazal and provides us with a historical backdrop of the reign of such Persian kings as Daryavesh (Darius the Mede), Coresh, Cambyses and Xerxes, who is also believed to have been the real Achashverosh. "Although his name was pronounced by the Greeks as Xerxes, the Persian pronunciation was Chashiarsh.
Citing numerous sources from mesechta Megillah in the Gemara as well as historical proof, we get a rare glimpse into the inner machinations of the mind of Achashverosh, the faith-based motivations of Queen Esther and Mordechai and the hatching of Haman's diabolical scheme of annihilation of the Jewish people.
Peres, and the resurgent Land of Achashverosh
seemed to haunt these
"In the Megilah, Achashverosh
kills his wife after a long night of drinking," he says.
After years of warfare King Achashverosh declared victory in the war on terror.
Operation Peace for Persia has brought calm to the world and expanded Achashverosh's rule to 127 provinces from Africa to the Middle East to Asia.
(5) Yosef Kimchi, in his Sefer HaGalui, (6) writes that he saw in the commentary of Saadia Gaon (7) that the word achash means "great." Therefore, the name Achashverosh
[Ahasuerus] is made up of the words achash and rosh [head] meaning "a great leader." The term achashdarpnei ha'melech (Est.