Achille Ratti


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Noun1.Achille Ratti - pope who signed a treaty with Mussolini recognizing the Vatican City as an independent state (1857-1939)Achille Ratti - pope who signed a treaty with Mussolini recognizing the Vatican City as an independent state (1857-1939)
References in periodicals archive ?
The prefect of the Vatican Library Achille Ratti, later Pope Pius XI, went as apostolic visitor to Poland and Lithuania, and Eugenio Pacelli, later Pope Pius XII, as nuncio to Germany.
Twenty-four years ago, I wrote an article on the Vatican and the Rome-Berlin Axis, speculating that the policies of Achille Ratti as Pope Pius XI (1922-1939) and Eugenio Pacelli as Pope Pius XII (1939-1958) were very different, in spite of the similarity of their names and their apparent close collaboration.
El titulo lo tenia desde el principio, es la frase que pronuncia Achille Ratti al ver la calva de Mussolini.
The race is superbly organised by the Achille Ratti climbing club whose motto 'Ad Altiora' translates as 'To strive for the highest' - very appropriate for anyone taking on this great race.
La implantacion en Italia, particularmente en las diocesis fronterizas con Francia, fue favorecida en ocasiones por los miembros de la nobleza y de la burguesia, que tenian hijos como alumnos de esas congregaciones; otras veces por los obispos o algunos eclesiasticos (como el patriarca de Venecia, Giuseppe Sarto, despues papa Pio X, que atendio a las Hermanas de la Madre Barat, beatificada por el en 1908, e incluso por Achille Ratti, futuro papa Pio XI, que presto auxilio al Instituto de Notre Dame de la Retraite au Cenacle, fundado por Therese Couderc).
Until recently, Achille Ratti, Pope Pius XI (1857--1939), has had fewer critics than his successor, Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII, whose role during the Holocaust has been the subject of heated controversy for almost four decades.