acidophile

(redirected from Acidophilia)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

ac·i·do·phil·ic

 (ăs′ĭ-dō-fĭl′ĭk) also ac·i·doph·i·lus (-dŏf′ə-ləs)
adj.
1. Growing well in an acid medium: acidophilic bacteria.
2. Easily stained with acid dyes: an acidophilic cell.

a·cid′o·phil′ (ə-sĭd′ə-fĭl′), a·cid′o·phile′ (-fīl′) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.acidophile - an organism that thrives in a relatively acid environmentacidophile - an organism that thrives in a relatively acid environment
bacteria, bacterium - (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered to be plants
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Basophilia and acidophilia depend on the amount of ribosomes in the cytoplasm; for this reason, cells with few ribosomes are acidophilic or eosinophilic (because of their affinity to eosin), and cells with many ribosomes are basophilic (Kuhnel 2005).
Because streptococcus species are able to produce acids (acidogenesis), grow in environments with an acidic pH (acidophilia), produce acids at low pH values (aciduric capacity) and synthesise intra and extra-cellular polysaccharides.16 pH changes may also inhibit the growth of oral streptococcus species.17 The pH exerts selective pressure on bacteria: micro-organisms that recover their normal rate of growth shortly after exposure to an acid pH have an ecological advantage over those that take longer to reinitiate growth.
Distal convoluted tubules exhibiting flat cuboidal cells with moderate acidophilia and large nuclei were observed, whereas other cuboidal cells exhibited proximal convoluted tubules, centrally located large nuclei and microvilli, thus characterizing a brush-shaped surface (Figure 5).
On the other hand, as compared to control group, the UA-treated animals (2000 mg/kg; p.o.) exhibited serious kidney damage, indicated by intense nuclear acidophilia and cytoplasmic vacuolation, capsular space and convoluted tubules lumen size increase, fluid accumulation between the basal membrane and cuboidal epithelial cells of the convoluted tubes, and cytoplasmic material accumulation in the renal tubules and cell lysis (Figure 1(c)).