He was the founder of Russian literary Acmeism
, which focused on "beautiful clarity" (the poet Mikhail Kuzmin's term) and simplicity of expression instead of the profoundly complex nature of the word in Russian Symbolism.
In 1916 as Futurism, Acmeism
, all the -isms have started to swirl, the stage was set for Ezra Pound to clamor for artists to "Make it new!" Tolkien foresees the futility of it, and instead urges Geoffrey Smith to the shared task of the TCBS, which, he deemed "had been granted some spark of fire--certainly as a body if not singly--that was destined to kindle a new light, or, what is the same thing, rekindle an old light in the world" (Letters 10, emphasis added).
A number of poetic movements in the early part of the twentieth century advocated the centrality of surface meanings, including Russian Acmeism
and Anglo-American Imagism, neither of which trends went unnoticed in Yiddish literary circles.
Mandelstam's understanding of language--strongly reminiscent of aspects of the work of both Saussure and Derrida (although the poet had no apparent means of knowing Saussure's teaching)--is articulated not only in "Conversation about Dante," but also in his early essays "The Morning of Acmeism
" (Utro Akmeizma) and "On the Nature of the Word" (O Prirode Slova).
TV: There is a famous definition by Osip Mandelstam of Acmeism
(an early-twentieth-century Russian poetic movement): "a longing for world culture." All of us, myself included, longed terribly for Rome, Florence, and Paris, for Cezanne and van Gogh, for Apollinaire and Auden (and, last but not least, for jazz and rock--in some cases, also for Stravinsky and Webern).
Their relationship to the late nineteenth/early twentieth century Silver Age poetic movements of Symbolism, Acmeism
, and Futurism is attenuated.
The category of intertextuality was tested with equal success in literary history: not only in scholarship that dealt with fashionable postmodernism and metafiction or the forms, genres, and styles with obvious intertextual connections (e.g., citations, allusions, parody, pastiche, baroque, avant-garde, and acmeism
), but in the reexamination of the recondite affiliations of literary works--belonging to different periods, cultural spaces, and genres--with their sociocultural, linguistic-ideological, and aesthetic contexts.
was an important school of early 20'h century Russian poetry, analogous to imagism in its rejection of symbolism and embrace of concrete imagery.
With its poured concrete floor, whitewashed drywall, and fluorescent tube lighting, the setting couldn't have been farther from the bars and back rooms that--as suggested by the show's books, photographs, and sound recordings--had housed the readings and performances that brought Symbolism into Acmeism
, Futurism, and Dada, as well as numerous other offshoots and factions.
This idea of progress had the power to suggest a new aesthetic and gave birth to innovative artistic movements: symbolism, futurism, acmeism
, and constructivism.
The focus of this book is a comparative study of Anglo-American Imagism, Russian Acmeism
, and the poetry of Rilke's middle period.
and Akhmatova with their male companions Pound and Gumilev, as well as Russian Acmeism
and Anglo-American Imagism.