This idea informed Symbolist, Futurist, Acmeist
(an early twentieth-century group of Russian poets who opposed the aesthetic preoccupations of the Russian Symbolists), and Formalist movements, as well as the thinking of the French syndicalist, Georges Sorel, whose thought in turn would influence Alexander Bogdanov's Red Star of 1908.
Under Nietzsche's influence, Mandelstam's acmeist
poetics diverged from Russian symbolist aesthetics in the early 1910s in order to embrace a dynamic account of language that borders on structuralist and poststructuralist thought.
The most active scene was at the Fantastic Tavern, however, which was owned by Acmeist
poet Yuri Degen and composer Sandro Korona.
Although formerly an Acmeist
poet, by 1922 he had devoted himself to party work in the sphere of publishing.
This great Russian Jewish poet is remembered as a leader of the Acmeist
poetry movement, which sought to combine clear, accessible verse with the imagery of world mythology.
For Vecher, her first collection, in keeping with the Acmeist
view of the poet as craftsman, Akhmatova opted for a fairly conservative, unfussy look.
Petersburg (1911) at the Bashnia and that same year the Acmeist
poet Gumilev brought his young wife Anna Akhmatova to read her early poems.
He also notes that Mekas's lack of poetic devices resembles the Russian acmeist
position versus Russian symbolism and its foggy deformation of reality.
Although he is a contemporary of Alexander Kushner and Joseph Brodsky--members of the circle of Akhmatova, who have carried forward the Acmeist
agenda of formal and semantic clarity--Sosnora continues a different, experimental side of the Petersburg poetic tradition.
Both critics were writing about Nadezhda Mandelstam's Hope Against Hope, published in 1970, but recounting the central years of the life of her husband, Osip Mandelstam, the famous Imagist poet (called Acmeist
in Russia) whom she followed into internal exile for several years until his execution by Stalin in 1938.
She points out that Social Realism drew as heavily on the ideology of what she calls "Retrospectivists" (neo-classicist survivors of Symbolism from the `"World of Art" movement such as Alexandre Benois, and Acmeist
poets such as Mandelstam) as on the avant-garde Futurists and Constructivists.
movement was formed by the poets Sergey Gorodetsky and NIKOLAY S.