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Partial or total loss of the ability to articulate ideas or comprehend spoken or written language, resulting from damage to the brain from injury or disease.

[Greek, from aphatos, speechless : a-, not; see a-1 + phatos, spoken, speakable (from phanai, to speak; see -phasia).]

a·pha′si·ac′ (-zē-ăk′) n.
a·pha′sic (-zĭk, -sĭk) adj. & n.


(Pathology) a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by partial or total loss of the ability to communicate, esp in speech or writing. Compare alexia
[C19: via New Latin from Greek, from a-1 + -phasia, from phanai to speak]
aˈphasiˌac, aˈphasic adj, n


(əˈfeɪ ʒə)

the loss of a previously held ability to speak or understand spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain.
[1865–70; < Greek: speechlessness =a- a-6 + phat(ós) spoken, v. adj. of phánai to speak + -ia -ia]
a•pha′sic, adj., n.


Pathology. an impairment or loss of the faculty of understanding or using spoken or written language. — aphasiac, n. — aphasic, n., adj.
See also: Speech
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aphasia - inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesionaphasia - inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
brain disease, brain disorder, encephalopathy - any disorder or disease of the brain
acoustic aphasia, auditory aphasia, word deafness - an impairment in understanding spoken language that is not attributable to hearing loss
associative aphasia, conduction aphasia - aphasia in which the lesion is assumed to be in the association tracts connecting the various language centers in the brain; patient's have difficulty repeating a sentence just heard
global aphasia, total aphasia - loss of all ability to communicate
ataxic aphasia, Broca's aphasia, expressive aphasia, motor aphasia, nonfluent aphasia - aphasia in which expression by speech or writing is severely impaired
amnesic aphasia, amnestic aphasia, anomia, anomic aphasia, nominal aphasia - inability to name objects or to recognize written or spoken names of objects
transcortical aphasia - a general term for aphasia that results from lesions outside of Broca's area or Wernicke's area of the cerebral cortex
alexia, visual aphasia, word blindness - inability to perceive written words
fluent aphasia, impressive aphasia, receptive aphasia, sensory aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia - aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability understand spoken or written words


[æˈfeɪzɪə] Nafasia f


[əˈfeɪziə] (MEDICINE) naphasie f


nAphasie f


n. afasia, incapacidad de coordinar el pensamiento y la palabra;
amnestic ______ amnéstica;
ataxic ______ atáxica.


n afasia, dificultad f para entender o para expresarse debida a una lesión del cerebro; expressive — afasia expresiva; receptive — afasia receptiva
References in periodicals archive ?
Landau-Kleffner syndrome, or acquired epileptiform aphasia, has as its diagnostic hallmark electrophysiologic evidence of status epilepticus during slow-wave sleep.
A Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a rare disorder also known as acquired epileptiform aphasia.

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