adaptive immune system

(redirected from Acquired immune system)
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Related to Acquired immune system: Innate immune system, specific immunity

adaptive immune system

n.
The component of the vertebrate immune system involving lymphocytes (B cells and T cells) containing a small number of proteins that combine to produce an enormous variety of distinct proteins capable of recognizing and deactivating specific antigens. It is one of two main components of the immune system, along with the innate immune system.
References in periodicals archive ?
Various herbal medicines have been found to modulate various components of innate and acquired immune system. In fact, based on proper understanding of various immunomodulatory activities of herbal plants, plants derived the secondary metabolites in natural products can be the lead molecules for the future development of immunomodulators for therapeutic use.
Therefore, it remains unclear what kind of influence the PCPS treatment shows on action of lymphocytes in acquired immune system.
We higher vertebrates are also equipped with more versatile defenses, the acquired immune system (also called adaptive).
The acquired immune system comprises B- and T-Lymphocytes, which adapt to protect against specific invading pathogens.
Unlike vertebrates, invertebrates don't have complex and memory property acquired immune system, but only rely on the innate immune system to resist the invasion of pathogens and infection (Kimbrell and Beutler, 2001; Jiravanichpaisal et al., 2006).
The immune system has two main divisions: the innate immune system, which needs no previous experience with intruders to dispatch them swiftly, and the acquired immune system, which requires contact and time in order to develop a specific response to a particular pathogen.
High levels of LL-37 are proinflammatory, angiogenic, and activate the acquired immune system, effects that would explain the chronic skin redness and telangiectasias of rosacea.
9): It seems that many researchers fail to take into account the unique genetics of the acquired immune system when studying identical twins.
Activation of the acquired immune system requires the presence of an immunogen/antigen.
One of the platoons of soldiers down the line are the Th1 cells, part of the acquired immune system that goes after intracellular viral and bacterial infections.

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