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Related to actinobacterium: Actinomycetes, Verrucomicrobia


 (ăk-tĭn′ō-băk-tîr′ē-əm, ăk′tə-nō-)
n. pl. ac·tin·o·bac·ter·i·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various gram-positive bacteria of the phylum Actinobacteria, which includes bacteria that live in the soil and in the digestive tract, as well as pathogens such as those that cause tuberculosis and leprosy. Some actinobacteria are used to produce antibiotics and certain dairy products.

[From New Latin Actīnobactēria, phylum name : Actīnomykēs, type genus of the phylum; see actinomyces + bacterium.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Sunlight mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles by a novel actinobacterium (Sinomonas mesophila MPKL 26) and its antimicrobial activity against multi drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using actinobacterium Streptomyces albogriseolus and its antibacterial activity.
Using this approach, Li and Liu (2006), successfully isolated bacteria belonging to Actinobacterium and Bacteroidetes from the sponge Craniella austrialiensis.