adipocyte

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Related to Adipocytes: Preadipocytes

ad·i·po·cyte

 (ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

adipocyte

(ˈædɪpəʊˌsaɪt)
n
(Physiology) a fat cell that accumulates and stores fats

fat′ cell`



n.
a cell in loose connective tissue that is specialized for the synthesis and storage of fat. Also called adipocyte.
[1910–15]
Translations
tuková buňka
adiposyyttirasvasolu

ad·i·po·cyte

n. adipocito, célula adiposa.
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References in periodicals archive ?
To determine whether NANOG-GFP transgene expression was down- regulated during differentiation of another cell type, GFP expression was monitored during the differentiation of adipocytes for 26 days without MEF and LIF.
Method: Quantification of glucose transporter (GLUT4) transcript was done in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and L6 myotubes by qPCR using RPL23 as the internal control.
Adipose tissue, adipocytes, adiponectin, body fat and triglycerides are among a flotilla of adiposity-related terminology popular in the vocabulary of body weight and physical-appearance-conscious consumers.
By analyzing the cellular circuitry underlying the strongest genetic association with obesity, the researchers have unveiled a new pathway that controls human metabolism by prompting our adipocytes, or fat cells, to store fat or burn it away.
Based on these observations we propose insulin hypersecretion as an etiological factor promoting lipid deposition, insulin resistance, cellular dysfunction and death in insulin-producing beta-cells and insulin-target brown adipocytes.
Scherer's seminal work has demonstrated an initially protective role for obesity, keeping excess lipid in adipocytes and out of the non-adipocyte tissues, which are not designed to store fat.
The scientists genetically engineered mice to lack the HIF-1 alpha protein within their adipocytes (fat cells).
This leveling of adipocyte size with extreme obesity suggests that presence of large adipocytes may stimulate adipocyte proliferation to accommodate additional weight gain.
Adiponectin secreted from adipocytes binds to adiponectin receptors AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, and exerts antidiabetic effects via activation of AMPK and PPAR-α pathways, respectively," (http://www.
Thus, it seems likely that the anti-obesity effects of the hops may be partly due to stimulation of the excretion of water from the body and a reduction in the accumulation of lipids in adipocytes through inhibition of PPAR[gamma] expression.
Since it was recently shown that brown adipocytes also exist in adult humans, research has focused on understanding how brown adipocytes are formed.
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that exposure to tributyltin (TBT) modulates critical steps of adipogenesis through RXR/PPAR[gamma] and that prenatal TBT exposure predisposes multi-potent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to become adipocytes by epigenetice imprinting into the memory of the MSC compartment.