adjective

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adjective

Adjectives are used almost exclusively to modify nouns, as well as any phrase or part of speech functioning as a noun.
There is a huge variety of adjectives in English. While many words are inherently adjectival, such as colors (red, black, yellow, etc.) or characteristics (strong, weak, nice, etc.), there are also several categories of adjectives that are formed from other sources.
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ad·jec·tive

 (ăj′ĭk-tĭv)
n. Abbr. a. or adj.
1. The part of speech that modifies a noun or other substantive by limiting, qualifying, or specifying and distinguished in English morphologically by one of several suffixes, such as -able, -ous, -er, and -est, or syntactically by position directly preceding a noun or nominal phrase.
2. Any of the words belonging to this part of speech, such as white in the phrase a white house.
adj.
1. Adjectival: an adjective clause.
2. Law Specifying the processes by which rights are enforced, as opposed to the establishing of such rights; remedial: adjective law.
3. Not standing alone; derivative or dependent.

[Middle English, from Old French adjectif, from Late Latin adiectīvus, from adiectus, past participle of adicere, to add to : ad-, ad- + iacere, to throw; see yē- in Indo-European roots.]

ad′jec·tive·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

adjective

(ˈædʒɪktɪv)
n
(Grammar)
a. a word imputing a characteristic to a noun or pronoun
b. (as modifier): an adjective phrase. Abbreviation: adj
adj
1. additional or dependent
2. (Law) (of law) relating to court practice and procedure, as opposed to the principles of law dealt with by the courts. Compare substantive7
[C14: from Late Latin adjectīvus attributive, from adjicere to throw to, add, from ad- to + jacere to throw; in grammatical sense, from the Latin phrase nōmen adjectīvum attributive noun]
adjectival adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ad•jec•tive

(ˈædʒ ɪk tɪv)

n.
1. a member of a class of words functioning as modifiers of nouns, typically by describing, delimiting, or specifying quantity, as nice in a nice day, other in other people, or all in all dogs, and in many languages distinguished by formal characteristics, as often in English by the ability to be used in comparative and superlative forms. Abbr.: adj.
adj.
2. of, pertaining to, or functioning as an adjective; adjectival: an adjective phrase.
3. not able to stand alone; dependent.
4. Law. pertaining to rules of procedure, rather than those of right (opposed to substantive).
5. (of dye colors) requiring a mordant or the like to render them permanent (opposed to substantive).
[1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin adjectīvum, neuter of adjectīvus= Latin adject(us), past participle of ad(j)icere to attach, add (ad- ad- + -(j)icere, comb. form of jacere to throw) + -īvus -ive]
ad′jec•tive•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

adjective

A word that modifies or describes a noun, for example, green” or “happy.”
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adjective - a word that expresses an attribute of something
adjective - the word class that qualifies nouns
modifier, qualifier - a content word that qualifies the meaning of a noun or verb
descriptive adjective, qualifying adjective - an adjective that ascribes to its noun the value of an attribute of that noun (e.g., `a nervous person' or `a musical speaking voice')
classifying adjective, relational adjective - an adjective that classifies its noun (e.g., `a nervous disease' or `a musical instrument')
positive, positive degree - the primary form of an adjective or adverb; denotes a quality without qualification, comparison, or relation to increase or diminution
comparative, comparative degree - the comparative form of an adjective or adverb; "`faster' is the comparative of the adjective `fast'"; "`less famous' is the comparative degree of the adjective `famous'"; "`more surely' is the comparative of the adverb `surely'"
superlative degree, superlative - the superlative form of an adjective or adverb; "`fastest' is the superlative of the adjective `fast'"; "`least famous' is the superlative degree of the adjective `famous'"; "`most surely' is the superlative of the adverb `surely'"
2.adjective - the word class that qualifies nouns
major form class - any of the major parts of speech of traditional grammar
adjective - a word that expresses an attribute of something
Adj.1.adjective - of or relating to or functioning as an adjective; "adjectival syntax"; "an adjective clause"
2.adjective - relating to court practice and procedure as opposed to the principles of law; "adjective law"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
substantive, essential - defining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established; "substantive law"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
byvoeglikebyvoeglike naamwoord
اجرائيصِفَةصِفَه، نَعْتنعتيوصفي
přídavné jméno
tillægsordadjektiv
adjektivo
adjektiivomadussõna
adjektiivilaatusana
שם תואר
pridjevpridjevi
melléknév
adjectivo
adjektivakata sifat
lýsingarorðlÿsingarorî
形容詞形容動詞
형용사
adjectivumverbum adiectum
būdvardisbūdvardinis
adjektīvsīpašības vārds
നാമവിശേഷണം
adjectivadjectival
prídavné meno
pridevnik
придеви
adjektiv
kivumishisifa
คำคุณศัพท์
прикметник
tính từ
形容词形容詞

adjective

[ˈædʒektɪv] Nadjetivo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

adjective

[ˈædʒɪktɪv] nadjectif m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

adjective

nAdjektiv nt, → Eigenschaftswort nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

adjective

[ˈædʒɛktɪv] naggettivo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

adjective

(ˈӕdʒiktiv) noun
a word which describes a noun. a red flower; air which is cool.
ˌadjecˈtival (-ˈtai-) adjective
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

adjective

صِفَة přídavné jméno tillægsord Adjektiv επίθετο adjetivo adjektiivi adjectif pridjev aggettivo 形容詞 형용사 bijvoeglijk naamwoord adjektiv przymiotnik adjetivo имя прилагательное adjektiv คำคุณศัพท์ sıfat tính từ 形容词
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

adjective

n. adjetivo.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in classic literature ?
Personal pronouns and adjectives are a fruitful nuisance in this language, and should have been left out.
They had no fixed values, to be altered by adjectives and adverbs.
Thus the terms 'whiteness','grammar', 'justice', give us the adjectives 'white','grammatical', 'just', and so on.
As to the adjectives, I said, if I remember right, amiable, unambitious, and absent-minded.
He used gestures instead of adjectives, and he halted.
blase old beau loves with an hysterical fervor that requires four adjectives to every noun to properly describe.
His adjectives were too foul for print; they were given with such a special effort at distinctness, however, that I was smiling one instant, and giving thanks the next that Eva Denison had not come forward with her guardian.
Black headlines, notes of exclamation, the use of superlative adjectives, scarcely met the case.
An insight into the beauty and excellence of this incomparable adjective is unhappily denied to him who has the misfortune to know that the gentleman's name is pronounced Ke-ho-tay.
'rhythm' is 'rhythmical'; there is no adjective from 'rime' except 'rimed.' The word 'verse' in its general sense includes all writing in meter.
'Wuthering' being a significant provincial adjective, descriptive of the atmospheric tumult to which its station is exposed in stormy weather.
And then there was the singular possessive adjective: